Threesology Research Journal
Various 3s Examples
page 15

(The Study of Threes)

3-patterned A, B, C scheme has been used by Ford Motor Company as a means to evaluate the performance level of some 18,000 white-collar managers. A manager who gets a C one year receives no bonus. Managers who receive a C for two years are subject to demotion or termination. A court case for bias was brought against Ford by former and present employees for using a performance-evaluation process that was instituted under former CEO Jacques Nasser, to weed out white male managers while favoring minorities and women.

--- Ford begins talks in bias suits ---

3 times faster than the rate inferred from geological observations,... the newest interpretation of California Earthquake faults.

--- California Earthquake faults moving faster ---

3 to 1 ratio: Visa International, MasterCard International, American Express Co. and Japanese credit card company JCB Co. said that they will create a standards framework for secure, authenticated mobile payments.(11-06-01)

--- Visa, MasterCard, American Express team up ---

3-part motto of Clarance "Kelly" Johnson, (1910-1990), a principal Airplane designer for Lockheed, in charge of a research and development section called "Skunk Works":

  1. Be Quick.
  2. Be Quiet.
  3. Be On Time.

3-patterned reference example: Three rings on the bell (of the bus) mean that the bus is full.

3 terms associated with "meteors":

  1. Meteor - Bright incandescent streak (or radar signature, etc.) in the night sky caused by a high-speed, ablating particle.
  2. Meteroid - The particle in space before it reaches the Earth's atmosphere.
  3. Meteorite - The meteoroid after it reaches the ground.

3 to 1 ratio types of deductibles on many medical insurance coverage options in the United States:

  1. 1 of 3. Doctor's office deductible- Most frequently referred to as a co-pay option in which an individual must pay a small fee (such as 5 to 20 dollars) when they visit a doctor's office.

  2. 2 of 3. Prescription drug deductible- An individual pays an initial cost (such as 10, 25, or 35 dollars).

  3. 3 of 3. Emergency room/ Medical facility (insta-care) deductible- An individual pays an initial cost (such as 50/25 dollars) for any services rendered.

  4. 1 of 1. Overall medical coverage deductible- An example is an individual must pay 20% of medical coverage and the insurance company will pay 80%.

3 to 1 ratio division of medical coverage frequently found in the United States:

  1. 1 of 3. Medical coverage of eye exams, glasses, contacts, etc.
  2. 2 of 3. Medical coverage of dental exams, dental work.
  3. 3 of 3. Medical coverage of mental health issues.
  4. 1 of 1. Medical coverage of everything else that may or may not be sub-divided into further categories.

3 ~ 2 ~ 1 word arrangement seen on signs for vehicle drivers at a fast-food restaurant:

  1. 1- word: Enter
  2. 2- words: Drive Thru
  3. 3- words: Do Not Enter

3-part norigae (korean pendant) is most common, which is another expression of the Korean people's attachment to the number three. Many combine three contrasting or complementary colors. The queen and all court ladies wore elaborate three-part norigae to all holiday events and celebrations. The three-part norigae worn at court and by the upper echelons of traditional society usually consisted of a valuable pendant, made of gold, silver, white or green jade or coral at its center and three strands of made-up (¸Åµì) knots, which often incorporated more jewels or silver or gold pendants. This three-part norigae, combining a small ornamental dagger and silver pendants, is typical of those worn by commoner. The norigae symbolizes success for the descendants or happiness and long life (depending on what type of norigae it is).

--- Korean Tutor---

3 types of shoebox gift package ensembles:

  1. Tiny Blessings Box- For babies and toddlers.

    Types of items to include... bottles, receiving blankets, nipples, burp clothes, pacifiers, rattles, stuffed animal, sleepers, onesies, socks, baby soap, washcloth, towel, shampoo, lotion, baby brush and comb, diaper rash ointment, cotton balls and baby fingernail clippers.

  2. Kid's School Days box- For pre-school and school-aged children.

    Types of items to include... stuffed animals, pencils, sharpeners, erasers, rulers, notebooks, crayons, markers, paper, glue sticks, blunt scissors, construction paper, writing tablets, math compass, calculators, folders, soap and washcloth, brush and comb, toothbrush and toothpaste, shampoo, socks, gloves, hats, hair accessories and facial tissue. *** No candy please.

  3. Kid's Holiday Box- For youth of all ages.

    Types of items to include... balls, stuffed animals, plastic tumbler cup, water bottle, Silly Putty, books, games, puzzles, flashlight with extra batteries, plastic figurines, dolls and accessories, toy cars, dress up accessories e.g. jewelry, purse, shoes, shampoo, washcloth and soap, brush and comb, facial tissue, toothbrush and toothpaste, socks, gloves and caps. *** No candy please.

--- Kid's Stuff U.S.A.- Feed the Children ---,,PTID3425|CHID101898|CIID147161,00.html

3 points shy of admission to M.I.T. as a teenager and never earned a physics degree:

Jack Kilby spent his entire career as a salaried engineer, working to solve one practical problem in electronics after another. He had launched the digital revolution and shared the 2000 Nobel prize in physics with two others, Zhores I. Alferov of Russia and Herbert Kroemer of Germany. He had invented the world's first integrated circuit (commonly referred to as the silicon chip) in his first two weeks on the job at Texas instruments.

pipe fittings

3 basic categories of copper pipe fittings:

  1. Copper pipe fittings for making blends and turns.
  2. Fittings for joining or branching pipes.
  3. Other copper fittings.

3 basic types of Copper pipe are available:

  1. Type M is thin-walled.
  2. Type L is medium-walled.
  3. Type K is thick-walled.

3 common ways of cleaning pipe ends: Brushing ~ Sanding ~ Rubbing.

--- Working With Copper Pipe ---

3 types of potato classified by usage:

  1. "New" potatoes are best when boiled. They are generally harvested before the skins have "set" and, because of immaturity, may be "skinned" or "feathered" during handling. Most new potatoes come to market from January through September. This term is also used to describe freshly dug fall-crop potatoes which are not quite fully matured.

  2. General-purpose potatoes, both round and long types, comprise the great majority of supplies. They are available year-round. As the term implies, they are used for boiling, frying, baking, casseroles, and soups.

  3. Baking potatoes are grown specifically for their baking quality. The most widely grown and best known baking potato is the Russet Burbank.

    3 qualities that Potatoes in bags labeled U.S. No. 1 should have: Be clean~ Be firm~ Have few defects.

3 categories of items to look for when buying potatoes:

  1. Potatoes that are fairly clean, smooth, and firm.
  2. Potatoes that are free from large cuts, growth cracks, bruises, skinned areas, and decay. Some amount of skinning is normal in new potatoes.
  3. Potatoes of uniform size for even cooking. This is particularly important in baking or boiling potatoes whole.

--- How to Buy Potatoes ---

3 common clasping pins to 1 non-clasping pin, ratio:

  1. 1 of 3. Clothes pin
  2. 2 of 3. Safety pin
  3. 3 of 3. Bobby (hair) pin
  4. 1 of 1. Straight pin (various kinds)

3 common "pen" references:

  1. Play pen (babies, young children)
  2. Bull pen (baseball)
  3. Pig pen.

(Writing pen is also common but can be placed in a category not related to housing or containment...unless in terms of housing the ink and its tube, whereby we have: pen cylinder, ink tube and ink. One might also cite the spring and pen actuator.)

3 common "needle" references related to objects and not an expression such as "needling:

  1. Sewing needle
  2. Darning needle
  3. Dr.s needle (used by various physicians)

A Phonographic needle is no longer common due to the 3-patterned series of:

  1. 8 track tape
  2. Cassette tape
  3. Cassette Disk/Compact Disk (commonly referred to as a CD)

3 credit indications seen on a sign near a used-car lot: Good Credit ~ Bad Credit ~ No Credit.

3 old common gas tank (petrol content level) categories:

  1. ¼ and ¾ tank ("quarter" destination)
  2. ½ tank (non "quarter" but still a fraction)
  3. Full tank (no distinct numerical measure designated)

In the 1950's, 1960's and 1970's, at least by those drivers I knew, there were few, if any, remarks about a gas tank having (or using) half-a-quarter [an "eighth"] of a tank. This smaller incremental perspective did not arrive on the common vocabulary scene until gas prices rose and people became more cognizant of gas usage. By adding the 1/8 designation, the above list would become a 3 to 1 ratio, with the "full tank" as a separate, non-numerical quantity.

3 ideas that have plagued Cosmologists who have tried to mathematically determine:

  1. Did the Universe come into existence instantaneously?
  2. Did the Universe come into existence in a Big Bang?
  3. Did the Universe always exist and would continue to do so by slowly accreting matter that was added in an ongoing fashion to maintain a steady state?

3 noted early figures of the Scientific Revolution in Astronomy:

  1. Copernicus studied about the planets orbiting the Sun.
  2. Kepler studied about the planets moving in elliptical paths.
  3. Galileo studied about the craters on the Moon.

3 by 3 (9) Astro-Numerology, the perfect synthesis between Astrology and Numerology, deals with the correspondence between the nine revolving heavens and the nine numbers. It also deals with the effect of many Numbers---the Fadic Number, the Name Number and the Birth Number and the combined Fadic, Name and Birth Numbers. The Pythagorean Law of Vibration states that each number has a particular vibration.

--- Astro-Numerology ---

3-patterned "laundry use" directions on an Exceptional ValueTM brand of regular bleach:

  1. Sort laundry.
  2. Add 1 cup of bleach to wash water.
  3. Add detergent to wash water before loading laundry.

3 common "spellings" (pronunciations) of business establishments where clothes (etc.) may be cleaned:

  1. Laundermat
  2. Laundry Mat
  3. Laundromat

3 common "spellings" (pronunciations) for the now common grocery item used to make Ketchup. (The tomato was once considered a delicacy thought to be fit only for royalty.)

  1. Tomato (long a and long 0's) [toe may toe]
  2. Tomahtoe (short a and long o's) [toe mah toe]
  3. Tomater (long o and long a) [toe may ter]

Academic Jeopardy

Note: The above image is an adaptation of a sketch by Christopher Burke, that appeared in the February 26, 1999 issue of The Chronicle of Higher Education. (I used variations of the number 3 for their mouths. And aside from the usage of Red, White, and Blue which some viewers may interpret to be a metaphor for the U.S. or "mood" variations, we should also consider including the color green, as in green with envy.)

3 basic simultaneous operation processes to the forage patch selection by honey bee colonies:

  1. Workers abandon floral patches of relatively low profitability.
  2. Workers usually locate new patches by following recruitment dances, not scouting on their own.
  3. Workers recruiting only to patches of relatively high profitability.

--- Gears Internet Classroom---

figure 8 bee dance
--- Entomology Notes ---
3 to 1 ratio of the distance to the food source from the hive:

  1. 1 of 3. Duration of the waggling run.
  2. 2 of 3. Duration of the return run.
  3. 3 of 3. Duration of sound.
  4. 1 of 1. Number of waggles.

--- Honeybee Communication ---

Lagrange points

3 bodies can occupy positions at the apexes of an equilateral triangle that rotates in its plane, were shown by Joseph Louis Lagrange (1736-1813). Consider a system with two large bodies being the Earth orbiting the sun (or the Moon orbiting the Earth). The third body, such as a spacecraft or an asteroid, might occupy any of five Lagrange points: In line with the two large bodies are the L1, L2 and L3 points. The leading apex of the triangle is L4; the trailing apex is L5. These last two are also called Trojan points, (hence, the "5" is broken down into a 3/2 arrangement.)

--- Basics of Space Flight ---

3 nutritional layers found in the seeds of whole grain kernels:

3 nutritional layers in whole grain kernels

--- Cheerios Heart Healthy Center ---

Three-row division model for drug categorization:

Death ®

Convulsions ®

Extreme nervousness, ®

Anxiety, palpitations ®






Feeling of well-being,

Distortion of time
and space


Psychic energizers


Hallucinogens ®
Neutral area

Anxiety relief ®






Drowsiness ®




Sleep ®

Loss of pain ®
Addiction ®

Loss of feeling ®
and sensations

Convulsions ®

Death ®


Volatile solvents



Psychoactive drugs may be arranged on a continuum, ranging upward from a normal arousal level toward maximum stimulation or downward toward maximum depression of nervous system activity level. The arrow at Hallucinogens indicates that these do not really lie on the activiation/depression dimension. (Note that any of the stimulants or depressants could be fatal in large enough doses; their placement here is based on usual doses.)

This information is adapted from Abnormal Psychology: Current Perspectives.
©1972 CRM Books.

3 common computer memory problems:

  1. Improper Configuration- You have the wrong part for your computer or did not follow the configuration rules.

  2. Improper Installation: The memory may not be seated correctly, a socket is bad, or the socket may need cleaning.

  3. Defective Hardware: The memory module itself is defective.

The fact that many computer problems manifest themselves as memory problems makes troubleshooting difficult. For example, a problem with the motherboard or software may produce a memory error message.

--- Kingston Technology Company ---

3 territories (collectively known as Yesha), according to international law, that Jews have the complete and unquestionable right to settle:

  1. Gaza
  2. Judea
  3. Samaria

--- The Myth of Occupied Territories ---

3 main sandwiches of many fast food restaurants:
Beef (land) ~ Fish (sea) ~ Chicken (air)

3-patterned abbreviation "Y2K " stands for the Year 2000, and is defined by RedHat as:
"Year 2000 Compliant" means that products will not produce errors in the processing of date structures directly attributable to the year change from December 31, 1999 to January 1, 2000. Date representation, including leap years, will be handled correctly when the software is used in accordance with its accompanying documentation.

--- Y2K Statement ---

3 laureates per prize- is the maximum number of individuals permitted by Nobel rules. If you look in the early years of the Nobel awards, you will see a predominant recurrence of one person receiving an award per prize category. In the later years, you can see an increase towards 2-person groups being awarded per prize category. In years following, there is an increase in the number of 3-person groups being awarded. Yes, you may want to argue that there is an increase due to better education, more people entering fields that used to only have a few, etc...But the fact still remains, we can recognize a 1 ~ 2 - 3 sequence, with a "3" being the stopping point... even if there are more than three deserving people or groups.

Three's The Limit:

Many still debate why three is the magic number for the Nobel. Zuckerman believes that it is an arbitrary number. "The theory articulated to me by the Nobel Foundation was that it's always possible to identify one or two prime movers in any particular scientific contribution," Zuckerman says.

(Harriet Zuckerman, author of Scientific Elite, the classic look at the Nobel Prize, its winners, and the well-defined stratification it has caused in 20th-century science.)

--- The Scientist: But What About the Others? Oct. 28, 2002 ---

Reemphacizing the former comment: If you take a look at the winners since the beginning at the Nobel Prize award, there was a predominant single person win in the beginning. As you progress towards later years, you will notice that the single person win is replaced with more instances of two-person group wins. In even later years you will notice an increase in three-person group wins. This 1- 2- 3 sequence may be one example of a subtle change taking place with human cognition that develops along a 1-2-3 maturational stage. (Other examples can be found in the development of words for numbers by primitive peoples, language development, germ layer development, etc...) While some readers might want to argue that an increase in the quantity of winners has more to do with an increase in population and not a developmental change in human cognition, then it could further be suggested that an increasing population will result in a greater quantity of Nobel Laureates since more people will be in the same research fields doing identical/similar research.

3 American engineers (Walter H. Brattain, William Shockley, John Bardeen)- won the Nobel prize for inventing the TRANSISTOR [TRANsfer reSISTOR] while working at the AT&T - Bell laboratories. On 16 December 1947 the three showed their invention at the laboratories to a small public. (Bell laboratories patents the transistor.) The transistor preluded the Second and following generations of computers. But much more research was needed to put the transistor into production which eventually took no less than six years to achieve. The small size, high yield, low heat production and the low price guaranteed the success of the transistor that made computers another 1000 times faster than those on the market in this period.

--- History of computing: Industrial Era 1947-1949 ---

3 visual versions of the Pythogorean theorem:

3 Pythogorean theorem pictures

--- Pictures For People (#16) ---

3 general rules-of-thumb for safely operating power tools:

  1. Read directions
  2. Understand directions
  3. Follow directions

3 in 1 organization of household goods manufactures:

Fixtures - Faucettes - Accessories all made by the same company instead of encountering problems when several different manufacturers are making separate parts of the same item(s).

3 common expressions of carpenters related to "straight": Level - Plumb - True.

Your Questions, Comments or Additional Information are welcomed:

Herb O. Buckland