Threesology Research Journal
Three-To-One ratios
Page B

(The Study of Threes)

Before going further, in order that the realization is not obscured by other information... if there is a maturational developmental trend towards more and more cognitive (if not behavioral and physiological) three-to-one (or three into one) ratio expressions, then present examples are merely flirtations with a more pronounced "behavioral ensemble" that will become manifest as the Sun increases in size; the effects of which are already being distributed in a variety of forms... as well as being felt and in some ways acknowledged. It also should be noted that there may be those who are aware of the threes prevailency that have contemplated a triadic structure and are confronted with an additional possibility that they suppress, in one way or another, for fear that it suggests a "four" pattern when in actuality it is an excursion into a 3 "to" (too, into) 1 ratio realm that they are unfamiliar with... Even if the additional consideration appears to fit well into their contemplations, they intellectualize a particular example away so that it conforms to what they consider to be a standard triadic model (that they are familiar and comfortable with), without being cognizant of such a model/instance being related to the emerging three-to-one formulations.

Take for example the old expression "Triune God and man," which is a three-to-one example intellectualized to represent a supremacy of consideration by those obsessed with some types of religious doctrine.

Such individuals attempt to shield themselves from a pattern that quite often becomes interpreted in terms of a primitive's ego-centric orientation in the world such as is described by locating oneself at the center of directions associated with the front, back and two sides of our physical presence. A singular or collective of singular and/or multiple considerations should not be viewed as a contradiction to an interest in triadic structures, but as part of an ongoing environmentally influenced developmental process involving the three and subsequent stages of "furtherized" expression. Those who may be claiming a preponderance of four-patterned groupings should re-examine their examples as three-to-one variations.

As Threesologists (Triadologists, etc.), for a short point of Threesological review, it behooves us to acknowledge the existence of triadic structures in those groupings which may be termed with a numerical value other than three. Whereas someone may claim to see a pattern-of-two such as in the case of "Om" (AUM) or pattern-of-four such as in the case of the four directions concept (North, South, East "and" West), or some other pattern enumerated by cultural, religious or other convention; noting the existence or absence of a "three-instance" occurrence (instead of a "for" instance) is the recognition of yet another pattern. Thus stated, it is necessary to highlight the observation that a "three-instance" may exist in a three-patterned absence instead of a three-patterned presence.

Let us start the present 3 to 1 ratio examples list with an old rhyme:

One for the money
Two for the show
Three to get ready

"and..." Four to go.

The word "and" in this instance is like the "comma" used before the thousandths and "hundreds" placements (1,000) when counting "arabetically" (alphabetically + numerically) from right to left, are points of demarcation which separate three items from a singular. Those involved with analyzing poetry structure, tend to focus on the familiar (traditional technique) of matching tail/end, head/beginning and internal rhymes. Whereas a Threes researcher may do the same, we now have a larger model in which to apply another available pattern. Namely, the three to one. It is a pattern others have seen in the past, but had no model of pattern in which to reference their acknowledgement. No doubt other patterns may exist but their is no standardized model in which to apply them to/with.

Let us follow the foregoing rhyme with another, perhaps more familiar example:

Happy Birthday to you
Happy Birthday to you
Happy Birthday dear....
Happy Birthday to you.

There are three lines that are distinctly the same and one is different. In this particular instance, there is the (additional) emphasis of the person being attached to the third line.

Here's another rhyme recalled from childhood: "Eeeny ~ Meeny ~ Miney...Mo"

There are 3 rhymes: Eeeny ~ Meeny ~ Miney separated by 1 (unrhymed) Mo, of another rhymed 3: (mo ~ toe ~ go)...

This child's counting/choosing game rhyme goes:

"Eeeny, Meeny, Miney... Mo,
catch a nigger by the toe,
if he hollars let him go,
My mother told me to pick the very best one."

And yes, it is the same one the black kids (when I was growing up) used with a variant: They would say "Whitey" or "Soda Cracker" instead of "Nigger". The words "Whitey" and "Nigger" weren't used prejudicially by the younger kids, they were just expressions heard and mimic-ed from the older kids in the neighborhood. It was the older kids and adults who defined the words in a negative way. The younger kids were TAUGHT how to be prejudicial... even if they had no idea what it meant.

Another type of a three-to-one ratio example can be seen when we label the "three" as being plural and the "one" as being singular denoted with the addition of the letter "s". To this end, our usage of the words "pants, socks, shoes and gloves" to denote plurality, even though the "pants" term is an example of fusing singularities; in contrast to our usage of the words "shirt, coat, and jacket" to describe a singular exercise concerning a plural situation in that two upper extremities are covered (or if your prefer, sleeved) with a singularly identified item. Even though there are two shirt sleeves, we don't customarily say: "Put your sleeves (or shirts) on" to describe a plural account, we typically use the singular term "shirt"... though while I was in Elementary school all the teachers referred to coats, jackets or sweaters as cloaks or wraps. However, the teachers invariable referred to the large "walk in closet" as the cloak room. No one was permitted to put their coats and the like on the back of their chair.

With respect to the previous mention of a cognitive limit, our usage of repeating the word "large" in the X-large, XX-large, XXX-large sizing formula, instead of developing a new form of labeling criteria, suggests the human brain is stuck... just as it had been when humanity began to develop words to describe larger (higher) quantities. The human brain goes into a "three-patterned" repetition mode.

Philosophically speaking, our usage of the word "God" may be a similar indication of having reached a cognitive limit in our present mental stage of development. Many people use the term to describe an ultimate (quantitative) quality.

The following list provides a small handful of variably occurring examples of 3-to-1 characterizations (but you could also refer to them as a 1-to-3 ratio). I have also included some examples where the "1" is a derivation resulting from a composite of three. In any respect, the list exemplifies another characteristic of a "threes" theme though strict threeophiles might feel such an inclusion is a form of mongrelization unacceptable to their notion or presumptions of a threes purity.

While it is unconventional to make the supposition that our hominid development may one day reflect a "three-to-one family" organizational format (when more is understood), just as it is to provide a 3-to-1 correlations list that is not typically found in a textbook, the standardization of sub-atomic particle physics into a three-family model expression (instead of being referred to as for example, a single organization of 3 groups) should not be viewed as "THE" definitive portrayal or explanation. Familiar labels can sometimes lead the exercise of imagination astray into somnambulism... In other words, acceptance of how things are generally organized, particularly by reigning authoritative institutions, can lead to a form of mental sleep-walking purely out of habitual forms of recognition.

Hence, the three-family arrangement might better be identified as three sub-categories of a single compartmentalization related to how the human mind is functioning as an effect of growth under certain environmental influences. In other words, it was and is being affected by internal and external "forces/pressures/circumstances" to exhibit a developmentally alterable (not necessarily adaptable) pattern that began billions of years ago in relation to the Earth's changing environment within the galaxy. If the human species moves permanently beyond the Mercury- Venus- Earth (old/faint young sun to present solar) sequence, with respect to a Mars habitation, then another 3 to 1 ratio will have begun, (thus, for some, more clearly exhibiting the 3 X 2 (6) and possibly the 3 X 3 (9) ratio).

The foregoing consideration may then be the beginning of yet another 3 to 1 ratio involving Mars- Jupiter- Saturn,... Uranus. Further speculations suggest that human cognition as well as genetics may well follow this sequence. However, our present primitive enumeration system (1,2,3/ 4,5,6/ 7,8,9...) may lead us to accept a false level of intellectual security whereby we consider the existence of a perpetuating development into an infinity corresponding to such a numerical sequence; but that may (or may not) in fact conceal a true demise of the present human species— that may be inextricably connected to a sequence that does not represent an actual repetitiveness in growth. In other words, our very genetics, due to the 1- 2- 3 (dawn - noon - dusk) environmental conditions in which it prospered, has an inherent time clock configured with an old type of wind-up mechanism that God may not rewind. God may decide to create a new model and place us on the shelf of antiquities just as we do to fossils. Our fossilisation may be due to the usage of the contrived serialization known as 0123456789... While such a serialization has been placed to many uses, such uses keeps us from acknowledging that its repetitiveness is a cognitive entrenchment that bogs us down.

3 sub-atomic particle categories in 1 compartmentalization
       Family 1
       Family 2
       Family 3



       Up Quark
       Charm Quark
       Top Quark
       Down Quark
       Strange Quark
       Bottom Quark

3 Germ layers: Endoderm - Mesoderm - Ectoderm

Complex organisms such as humans use these three from which is developed the 1 individual. Less complex organisms use either two or one germ layer. Hence, the idea of a 1-2-3 maturational development sequence can be acknowledged. Yet, taking this idea a bit further in terms of a speculative analysis projectively desirous of a testable hypothesis to move beyond philosophical conjecturism, borders on the outskirts of imaginative considerations some readers will fear to venture towards with any exploratory curiosity. In simple terms, after recognizing the three and the three-to-one ratio existents as symbolic representations of underlying genetic influences, the consideration that a genetic influence may also be a symbolic representation of a planetary influence— that is changing... and will thus effect changes in our cognitive portrayals thereof; loses some of those who, in their defense, claim it is an exercise in impracticality.

Note: some of the following examples will be found in a tabled chart on the next (321C) page.

  • A spermagonium gives rise to 3 active cells and 1 resting cell.
  • 3 grouped (traditional Native American drumming) beats separated by 1 emphasized beat. (Bom-Bom-Bom BOM... Bom-Bom-Bom BOM... Bom-Bom-Bom BOM...etc.)

Some Native American groups are said to have a "four" (or even a "five") pattern preferred focus as opposed to a "three, or tripartite" view. Yet the instance of a 3 to 1 usage in this particular example suggests something other is taking place. This "four" should be compared with the traditional so-called four caste system used in India in which a Dumezilian Tripartite "functions" perspective separates the "forth" item into a separate category.

  • 3 ordinary dimensions: Length ~ Width ~ Depth and 1 Time dimension
  • 3 fundamental gauge forces: Strong- Weak- Electromagnetic and 1 non-gauge force: Gravity
  • 3 basic protein structures: Primary - Secondary - Tertiary and 1 composite protein structure: Quaternary
  • 3 (metal) vending machine coins: Nickels ~ Dimes ~ Quarters and 1 relational (paper) form: Dollar bill
  • 3 numbered potatoes: 1 potato ~ 2 potato ~ 3 potato and 1 un-numbered potato: 4

This child's counting game-rhyme goes: "1 potato, 2 potato, 3 potato... 4 (or 'four')— 5 potato, 6 potato, 7 potato, more."

  • 3 numbered bits: 2 bits ~ 4 bits ~ 6 bits and 1 unnumbered bits category: A dollar

This is a cheer-leading expression heard while attending Jr. High and High school sports events in America. A "bit" is equal to twenty five cents in an old American monetary denomination. (There is an old expression that goes: Shave and a haircut, two bits... meaning it cost twenty five cents for a shave and hair cut.)

  1. 3 face cards commonly found in America and Great Britain: Kings ~ Queens ~ Jacks and 1 related (faceless) Ace card
  2. 3 typically used face cards: Kings ~ Queens ~ Jacks and 1 less commonly used face card: Joker
  3. 3 frequently used "wild" cards (though individuals sometimes make up their own, with alternatively defined rules as well): Deuces, One-eyed jacks, Queen of Spades [sometimes called Queen-40 in rummy].

  • 3 common indoor coverings: Curtains ~ Blinds ~ Shades and 1 related outdoor covering: Shutters
  • 3 God labels: He ~ She ~ It and 1 relational: Non-Entity (non-existence)
  • 3 numbered (baseball) bases: 1st ~ 2nd ~ 3rd and 1 unnumbered: Home plate/base
  • 3 customary Julian Calendar years of 365 days and 1 relational: (366 day) leap year.
  • 3 primary internal combustion engine cycles: Intake ~ Compression ~ Power and 1 relational: Exhaust cycle.
  • 3 "word-element" A-U-M = "OM": (Birth ~ Being ~ Dissolution) and 1 relational: Silence
  • 3 colloquially expressed female desires for a man: Tall ~ Dark ~ Handsome and 1 relational desire: Rich/wealthy
  • 3 part motion picture portray call: Hear Ye! Hear Ye! Hear Ye! and 1 relational: The court is now in session.
  • 3 part child's (Hide-n-seek) game call: Apples ~ Peaches ~ Pumpkin Pie, and 1 relational: Who's not ready hollar I.
  • 3 basic forms of matter: Solids ~ Liquids ~ Gases (Earth - Water - Air) and 1 relational: Plasma (Fire)
  • 3 (metrical foot) stressed syllables and 1 relational unstressed syllable
  • 3 guitarists (From the Beatles rock-n-roll group): Paul ~ John ~ George and 1 relational drummer: Ringo
  • 3 regular U.S. forces: Army ~ Navy ~ Air force and 1 relational: Coast Guard = Dept. of Transportation Marines is Dept. of Navy.
  • 3 times repeated (Military marching) cadence: Gimme' (give me) your left... and 1 related: Right

The raw recruit military marching cadence is:

"Gimme' your left- Gimme' your left- Gimme' your left ------(slight pause)------ Right

...followed by:

Gimme' your left ---(shorter pause)--- right, your left ---(shorter pause)--- right, your left ---(shorter pause)--- right

  • 3 consonants and 1 related vowel to (four-letter) Cuss Words
  • 3 (numerical) feet: 1 foot + 1 foot + 1 foot equals 1 related (word): Yard
  • 3 common body (appendage) crossings: Legs~ Arms~ Fingers and 1 uncommon related: Eyes.
  • 3 European "Leaders" of WWII: D.L. George ~ V. Orlando ~ G. Clemenceau and 1 (U.S.A) leader: W. Wilson (Paris Peace Talks)
  • 3 at-bat chances to run and 1 relational mandatory walk (ball four)
  • 3 microorganism ruminant stomach "vats": Rumen ~ Reticulum ~ Omasum and 1 "true" stomach: Abomasum
  • 3-part expression: Hurry! Hurry! Hurry! related to: 1 Step Right Up! (Circus Barker)
  • 3 synoptic gospels: Matthew- Mark- Luke and 1 idiosyncratic gospel: John
  • 3 successive holy months to Muslims: Ramadan (9th month) - Shawwal (10th month )- Dhu al-Qi'dah (11th month) and 1 non-successive month: Rajab (7th month of Muslim calendar)
  • The Trinitarian (3) concept is sometimes related to the Unitarian (1) concept.
  • 3 original musketeers: Athos, Porthos, Aramis and 1 add-on: d'Artagnan.

Do we consider the possibility that the "All" in the phrase "All for one and one for All" initially meant the original three musketeers, or the entire collective of all the musketeers?

  • 3 active brain waves: Alpha, Beta, Theta and 1 inactive brain wave: Delta.
  • There are 3 types of cones to the human eye and 1 type of rod. (Geometrically speaking, these are the Triangular, Linear and Circular [eyeball] forms.)
  • 3 Piaget operational stages: Pre - Concret - Formal and 1 non-operational: sensorimotor stage
  • 3 Basic gaseous biological compounds: Hydrogen - Oxygen - Nitrogen and 1 basic solid compound: Carbon
  • There are 3 rows of outer hair cells in the mammalian ear and 1 row of inner hair cells.
  • 3 imagined religious places: Paradise - Purgatory - Inferno and 1 actual place: Earth.
  • 3 common growing seasons: Spring - Summer - Fall and 1 less typical growing season: Winter
  • 3 metal ages: Silver - Bronze/Copper - Iron and 1 non-metal age: Stone

Bronze is an alloy of Copper... Was there a bone or stick age? And let us not overlook the possibility of a toe and finger age... that some may categorize as a "tooth and nail" age.

  • 3 common alternate milk (with fat) forms: 1% - 2% - Skim and 1 common standard form: Whole milk
  • 3 (W. Hamilton's) interactive identities: [i - j - k] = 1 resultant quaternion identity: [-1]

W. Hamilton's quaternion formula: i2 2 = k2 = ijk = -1 = j2 = k2 = ijk = -1

  • 3 gasoline types: Unleaded- Regular- Premium and 1 Diesel fuel oil
  • 3 non-gasoline fuels: Diesel - Propane - Natural Gas and 1 gasoline fuel (forms)
  • 3 Earthly-bound Horsemen plagues: War - Famine - Pestilence and 1 Heaven/Purgatory/Hell-bound Horsemen plague: Death
  • 3 (physically labeled) psychosexual stages: Oral - Anal - Genital and 1 (non-physically labeled) stage: Latency period
  • 3 (OK Corral) Earp brothers: Wyatt - Morgan - Warren and 1 (non-Earp brother group member): Doc Holiday
  • 3 Stanley Miller Chemical Evolution experiment gases: Methane ~ Hydrogen ~ Ammonia and 1 Stanley Miller liquid: Water
  • Art Maxim Percentages division: Art is 75% perspiration (75% = 3) "and " --- 25% inspiration (25%)= 1)

Another 3 to 1 variant can be found in Thomas A. Edison's quote that discovery is 99% perspiration and 1% inspiration. (3 X 33 = 99)

  • 3 basic black tea types: Black- Green- Oolong and 1 (basic) rare tea type: White
  • 3 basic mathematical operations: Addition- Subtraction- Multiplication and 1 "auxiliary" mathematical operation: Division (Division is sometimes claimed to be just another form of multiplication.)
  • 3 customary laws of Thermodynamics and 1 Zeroth law of Thermodynamics
  • 3 types of bone: Cortical - Compact - Trabecular and 1 relational: Cartilage (pre-bone)
  • 3 U.S. Presidential debates (2004) and 1 relational: U.S. Vice President debate (2004)
  • 3 U.S. compulsory public schools: Elementary - Jr. High - High school and 1 related non-compulsory school: College (or Trade school)
  • 3 "human" (U.S.) cartoon characters: Fred (Flintstone) - Wilma - Pebbles and 1 animal character: Dino (family pet)
  • 3 "human" cartoon (neighbor) characters: Barney - Betty - Bam Bam and 1 animal character: Hoppy (family pet)
  • 3 "regular" corners to a building and 1 principal Corner Stone
  • 3 foot bones of ancient horses have fused together to make modern horse hoof.
  • 3 at-base runners: 1st base - 2nd base - 3rd base and one singularly distinct at-home-plate Grand Slam hitter.
  • 3 U.S. "traditionalized" size proportions in the fastfood restaurant business sector: Small- Medium- Large and 1 commercial profiteering size proportion: Supersize.

"Supersize" can either be equivalent to X-large, XX-large or XXX-large. It is of some linguistic importance to acknowledge that the "X's" can be altered to "1-2-3" numerical designations used as an alternative to the usage of a specific word or words other than "large". To me, this is reminiscent of a primitive One-Two-Many counting system. (An example can be read on a page at this site titled "One- Two- Many".) Primitive peoples had a specific language equivalent word for the quantity "one", another for the quantity "two", but all other quantities beyond this were designated with the singularly repeated "Many". Our present day "Large" designation signifies a present day form of simplistic counting. In other words, our cognitive skills suggest a particularly primitive organizational pattern when placed in an analogous context with this counting system... suggesting we are routinely exhibiting a mental limitation with a variety of "threes" ideas.

  • 3 flexible downs in American football (Typically referred to as the 1st, 2nd, 3rd downs) and 1 "play it safe or risk it all down" (Customarily referred to as the 4th down.)
  • 3 word vulgar expression: God Damn It and 1 (3 into 1) single word vulgar expression: Goddamnit
  • 3 alphabetically used library search methods: Author - Subject - Title and 1 numerical library search method: Dewey Decimal System

If I've told you once (1), I've told you a thousand times. (The value "1,000" is a 1 with three zeros (1,000). Hence, the expression is a 1 to 3 ration.

  • Buy three tires and get one free.
  • Buy three get one free (or buy two get one free) [fireworks advertisement in Pahrump, Nevada].
  • Buy three 12-pack cartons of Pepsi and get a free bag of 11 ounce Doritos.
  • The Three little pigs and the 1 wolf.
  • The three Fiddlers and Old King Cole.
  • Playing three to one: Another sexually oriented British expression referring to the Penis and two testicles and one vagina.
  • Three hots and a (1) cot: (This is a reference to the basic elements received by someone incarcerated. They receive 3 hot meals and a bed/cot to sleep on.}
  • Three sisters: Cinderella - Drisella - Anastasia and 1 mother.
  • Three typical colors: Red - Yellow - Green are combined in a single unit to be used as a street light.
  • 3 to 1 expression used by a soldier on guard duty: Halt, Who goes there?

Another variant used by a soldier on guard dut is: Approach... and be recognized. There is a distinction that can be made between the first word "HALT" (or "Approach") and the 3 words which follow.

  • 3 molecules: Adenosine Mono-(one) Phosphate (AMP), Adenosine Di-(two) Phosphate, (ADP)
    Adenosine Tri-(three) Phosphate (ATP) ...relate to 1 primary cellular energy.
  • 3-patterned Microtubulet construction: Singlet - Doublet - Triplet ...related to 1 cellular organization.
  • 3 membranes: Amnion ~ Chorion ~ Allantois ...surround the 1 embryo.
  • 3 "Hollows" (in cross-section): Two cavernous bodies (corpora cavernosa) and One spongy body (corpus spongiosum) ...relate to 1 penis.
  • 3 basic groups: Metals ~ Non-metals ~ Semi-metals ...related to 1 Periodic Table.
  • 3 basic sub-atomic particles: Electrons - Neutrons - Protons ...relate to 1 atom.
  • 3 teaspoons make 1 tablespoon.
  • 3 checks on 1 page is a common small business checkbook style. (America)
  • 3 barley corns equal 1 inch (Old measure originating in England).
  • 3 phase and 1 phase electric service are typically offered in America.
  • 3 in 1 Universe Cosmology of J.R. Gott III: Our Universe ~ Antimatter Universe ~ Tachyon Universe
  • Triplets are the singularly most commonly found phosphorescing states. (Singlets and Doublets also exist.)
  • 3 fast-food restaurant meal options: Sandwich - Sideorder - Drink (Typically: Hamburger - French Fries - Softdrink) and referred to as a (1) combo meal.

3 single letter blood type designations: A - B - O compared to 1 double letter blood type designation: AB (positive or negative) or 1 single letter blood type designation: O (positive or negative). While there are other blood typing systems available, the ABO system is commonly used for and by the general public medical facilities.

3 to 1 basketball free-throw variations:

  1. Single shot (one point)

  2. Making a basket entitles another attempt (that may result in two points, or a (intentional/non-intentional) miss can lead to two additional points if rebounded by a team mate who subsequently makes a basket.)

  3. Automatic two separate shot attempts that, as in the previous instance can either lead to a single point, two points or three points.

Basketball has evolved into the instance of one, two, three-point shot variations that followed a 1- 2- 3 maturational development sequence. (It has sequentially matured.)

The human brain is sometimes referred to as 3 brains in 1:

  1. The Primal brain from a reptilian past.
  2. The Emotional brain from an early mammalian past.
  3. The Rational brain from more recent "higher" animals.

3 to 1 Ancient Egyptian arrangement: Osiris, Isis, Horus against disruptive Set.

The U.S. Stock market's best year of a presidential election cycle is year 3 (out of four)... when politicians often try to stimulate the economy. (Seen in the "Making Money: what the experts say" section... 'No ballot box bounce,' with comments by Ben Levisohn in The Wall Street Journal.) [The Week magazine, January 20th, 2012]

Your Questions, Comments or Additional information are welcomed:
Herb O. Buckland