Threesology Research Journal
Threes Poster Column 1

(The Study of Threes)

BTR emblem Threes Poster BTR emblem
8th Column

(Threesology Research Journal)

*** Vision Quest is a private program designed to rehabilitate "hard-core juvenile delinquents through positive experiences and physical challenges in the wilderness" involving a "rite-of-passage" similar to that used by the Crow and Cheyenne Indians. The juveniles expected to complete 3 "quests": (1) Working with wild horses & stubborn mules (2) A 6-month wagon train experience (3) An 8-week program of training wild mustangs.

*** The FBI Uniform (crime Reporting Program is designed to attain three basic objectives: (1) To measure the extent, fluctuation distribution, and nature of serious crime in the U.S. (2) To measure the total volume of serious crime known to police (3) To show the activity and coverage of law enforcement agencies through arrest counts and police employee strength data.

3 social group categories: Cultural - Subcultural - Counter-cultural

3 types of juvenile gangs characterized by delinquent activities: (1) Crime-oriented (2) Conflict-oriented (3) Retreatist-oriented (Richard Cloward & Lloyd Ohlin, 1960)

*** Albert Cohen (1955) reported lower class boys who aspire to increased social status in a dominant, middle class value system correspond in one of three ways:

(1) College-boy response
(2) Corner-boy response
(3) Delinquent-boy response

3 categories of juvenile delinquency (Theodore Ferdinand, 1966): Impulsive - Neurotic - Symptomatic

3 comments on dreaming behavior (Why do we dream?):

(1) Because we (as a species) haven't been taught (by wide-spread social awareness) to do anything else with our (wasted) psyche-energy.

(2) Nightmares are merely species-specific (last chance) mechanisms of stirring oneself (into consciousness) from certain types of slumber where physiological processes have slowed to life-threatening rhythms.

(3) If a certain "bad" (unconventional) dream stirs you to consciousness, don't begin moving about till you think "good" (new, original) thoughts, then keep a record of them in some fashion such as by writing, art work, model, etc...

*** The movie "Three Faces of Eve" is accepted by many (American) people as a general representation of a multiple personality

3 basic elements of mind (Wilhelm Wundt): Sensations - Images - Feelings
3 main psycho-sexual stages: Oral - Anal - Genital
3 (Jean Piaget) Structure characteristics: Wholeness - Transformation - Self-regulation
3 (Karl Jaspers) consciousness aspects: Awareness of experience - Awareness of an object - Self-reflection

3-spined stickleback fish has often been used for research in instinct behavior
3 cycles to biorhythm theory: 23 day physical - 28 day emotional - 33 day intellectual

*** The British (sexually oriented slang) phrase "To play three to one (and sure to lose)", has been used as an example by researchers to support their claim the number 3 primarily is a reference to the penis and testicles, (because of their own frequent association of sex related commentary where the "3" in one form or another is present.) Such nonsense would thus lead us to conclude that God is definitely a male who was playing with or thinking (symbolically) about his penis and testicles when he put humanity on the 3rd planet.

*** "Homo ("one")-sexuality/ "bi" ("two")-sexuality, sadism/masochism, as well as the many "occupations" of promiscuous sexuality (due to being viewed as "opposite" variations to normal heterosexuality), and inter-/-racial dating (due to being viewed as "opposite"to the normal dating of one's own race), can be seen as examples of patterns-of-two due to those involved who remain somewhat preoccupied with reassuring themselves with the propriety of their actions through assertive simplistic expressions of various dichotomous activities. The "coming out" of homosexuals ("into what" has not been decided on), and the "blending of races" by those who attempt to rationalize inter/-racial dating with spurious arguments, are both short-sighted (primarily unconscious) attempts to reach some semblance of a third stage in personal development.

The main (but not only) problem with these types of approaches to reach the "three" is that the participants have not come to appreciate their own unique individuality as having no equal. These so-called "adult consenting alternative" lifestyles, which are basically poorly contrived renderings of camouflaged perverted sexual orientations, are being overlooked as premature expressions of the environmentally influenced genetic predisposition of a particular species whose biological "motivations" strive to reach the "three" but that these avenues of pursuit are futile because, metaphorically speaking, 1 plus 1 does not equal three. Fortunately, only a very small percentage of people engage in such acts of sexually-oriented self-absorption because most of us are insightful enough to know that such paths are blind alleys (like Nazism's "Third Reich, the French Revolution's "Third Republic," and Fascism's "Third Way.")... Labyrinths from which those few will never emerge until they call upon the reserves of their consciousness to seek fulfillment through their especial individualized course of a 1-2-3 attainment instead of through an adulterated mirror-image reflection as did Narcissus, and the dog who looked down upon a stream from a bridge while carrying a bone but subsequently "lost touch with this reality" by reaching out for what appeared to be an enlarged bone, thereby dropping "truth" into the waters below all because of a mirage. The moral is, when crossing the many bridges you encounter in life, discipline your eager (impulsive) potentialities, in order to reach the other side so that you stand on solid ground while reaching beyond your finger tips.

*** Man and woman are not opposite sexes. This notion of being "opposite" is an outdated reference developed in an age when humanity was largely oriented towards patterns-of-two.

*** Word Association tests are indicators of a person's two-patterned orienting ability exhibited (quite often) verbally, as are the "double figures in a Rorschach's (ink blot) test. When using the TAT (Thematic Apperception Tests), where various pictures with two people are often shown, individuals are asked to give a three-patterned Beginning-Middle-End scenario. Hence, test givers are using three patterned criteria to analyze individuals subjected to two-patterned tests! And you wonder why psychological (and other) problems aren't being solved? Such tests are like placing an individual in a round room and giving them three chances to find a corner... This is what we get for relying on stone age psychology.

*** When it is wondered how a person who seems (1) passive (2) shy, and (3) restrained can become an "all of a sudden" murderer and why habitual murderers are (1) aggressive (2) not shy, and (3) impulsive, most researchers (using these or other three patterned descriptive criteria) are overlooking these profiles as being opposites of the same human behavior spectrum.

3 types of schizophrenia by Emil Kraeplin: Hebephrenic - Catatonic - Paranoid
3-part Psychiatry reference: Neurotics build castles in the sky - Psychotics live in them - and Psychiatrists collect the rent

2 Roman dicers (4K) Roman dicers from a fresco at Pompeii, playing what is thought to be an early version of backgammon. The cartoon like captions above their heads describe a disputed call: the man on the left cries, "I've won!" while the one on the right objects, claiming, "It's not a three, it's a two."

Analogously, the two characters can be viewed as the right & left hemispheres of the brain. The right adamantly refuses to acknowledge the left's claim to a 3 and insists that the "3" the left sees is actually a 2. If the overall purpose of the "game" (life) is to achieve a "3" and yet there is a claim from some for a preponderance of "2" (with all its various guises), do we try to change the rules of the "game" or create a teaching methodology which enables the distinctions of "2" and "3" to be made identifiable and useful from all vantage points? (Even if the purpose of the game is defined by Earth-specific environmental circumstances.) The social problems created by an underlying 2 versus 3 contention has been going on for long enough... since Pompeii anyway. Let's not leave a similar picture of us for future historians who find it beneath the rubble of an extinct civilization.

*** Upon greeting someone familiar, it is the custom in some cultures to (1) kiss one cheek (2) then the other cheek and (3) to kiss the first cheek again. On occasion, some greeters will forego the actual kiss and merely exercise an abbreviated version by moving their head from one side to the other side of the other person's head. If the two who are greeting have been in some conflict, they may use a two patterned form of the customary three-patterned greeting.

Entry- Friday, January 05, 2007 6:35:07 AM: While watching a DVD (yesterday late afternoon) entitled "Human Resources," a film by Laurent Cantet, there was a double cheek-to-cheek greeting amongst those who were giving an intimate acknowledgment of one another. It gave me the impression of an obsessive compulsive act. The traditional handshake took place as a formal or general greeting amongst non-intimates.

*** The traditional handshake (palms clasped together) can be labeled a pattern-of-one. Some people will slap, tap, or touch their palms or lightly clenched fists twice, representing a pattern-of-two. In the prison environment an abbreviated (esoteric) variation of the two patterned palm slap/fist tap is the tapping of one's index and middle fingers against another's identically used set of two fingers. With respect to a pattern-of-three, some will (1) clasp thumbs (2) clasp curled fingers and (3) display a gang sign. Others will tap lightly clenched fists together 3 times, slap palms together 3 times, etc., some of which may include attendant verbal signs.

*** It would serve two-patterned oriented individuals as well as society much better, if they were taught a method of (three) pattern recognition as an attempt to help them learn to think in a trichotomous fashion with respect to our increasingly trichotomous-oriented society, as opposed to using a dichotomous world-view. For whatever reason(s), some individuals do not absorb a trichotomous social orientation by mere exposure to a culture organized on a widely prevailing pattern-of-three format. While others can readily assimilate (as if by osmosis) such a pattern and live socially responsible lives without ever being conscious of the fact that they use "threes" on a day to day basis, there are a few who must be taught to recognize such a consistency.

With respect to instructors who teach English as a second language to those who may not be accustomed to the U.S. culture(s), it would behoove them to teach the "3rd Language Compliment." Such a teaching methodology will help them to help others help themselves in their self-education efforts throughout their lives. The U.S. culture(s) is often referred to as a sort of "melting-pot" for various Indo-European, Asian and African Views. It is the multiplicity of such views, some say, that hinders a common understanding to the extent of exasperating many of our social problems. Thus, meaningful communication amongst so many divergent groups can only be enhanced by acknowledging (and putting to use) the world-wide commonality of a 1-2-3 maturationally developing (preferential) cognitive grouping orientation... the 3rd Language Complement.

Three-Patterned variations exist amongst different groups, but they are all expressing themselves with customarily similar (sub-cultural) symbolic gestures. Depending on the individual, these gestures may be the tip of an iceberg which bespeak of uncommunicated (dichotomously arranged) feelings that, if left unaddressed, may engender (dichotomously arranged) thoughts of disenfranchisement, alienation, ostracism, etc., from the larger society, and our socialized attempts to understand them is distorted because we continue to use on unrecognized three-patterned analysis technique that further confuses the arrived-at interpretation by articulating an individual's two-patterned perspective with three-patterned expressions, diagrams, charts, illustrations, intervention methods, etc.... The "self identity search" of a predominantly two-patterned oriented individual) with the various attendant questions: Who am I? Is this all there is? What can I do? What is my purpose, fate, destiny? etc...) may attempt to find answers with one or more others who seem to share a similar quest. A three-patterned oriented individual may have the same questions as well as seek out one or more others who appear to share the same quest, but the resulting outcome is different.

3 grouped beats separated by 1 emphasized beat during Native American drum beating
3 ordinary dimensions: Length - Width - Depth 1 relational dimension: Time (4th dimension)
3 standard amino acids: Adenosine - Cytosine - Guanine 1 relational: Uracil (RNA), Thymine (DNA)
3 common vending monies: Nickels - Dimes - Quarters 1 relational form: Dollar bill metal/paper)
3 enumerated potatoes: 1 potato - 2 potato - 3 potato 1 without labeling 4 (counting)
3 bits enumerated: 2 bits - 4 bits - 6 bits 1 without labeling: a dollar (cheerleading)
3 face cards: Kings - Queens - Jacks 1 related Ace card (faceless)
3 rhymes: eeny - meeny - miney separated by 1 (mo) of another set of 3: (mo - toe- go)
3 common indoor window coverings:
Drapes/Curtains - Blinds - Shades
1 related outdoor: Shutters
3 God labels: He - She - It 1 relational: Non-Entity (non-existence)
3 numbered bases: 1st - 2nd - 3rd 1 unnumbered relational: Home plate/base
3 customary years 1 relational: leap year
3 primary cycles: Intake - Compression - Power 1 relational: Exhaust
3 "element" A-U-M (Birth - Being - Dissolution) 1 relational: Silence
3 step shampooing: Wet hair - Lather - Rinse 1 relational: Repeat as desired
3 desires of a woman for a man: Tall - Dark - Handsome 1 relational: Rich
3 part call: Hear Ye! Hear Ye! Hear Ye! 1 relational: The court is now in session
3 part announcement: Apples - Peaches - Pumpkin Pie 1 relational: Who's not ready hollar I
3 basic forms of matter: Solids - Liquids - Gases 1 relational: Plasma
3 (metrical foot) stressed syllables 1 relational unstressed syllable
3 guitarists (Beatles): Paul - John - George 1 relational drummer: Ringo
3 regular forces: Army - Navy - Airforce 1 relational: Marines (Navy Dept.)
3 cadence march: Gimme' your left - Gimme' your left - Gimme' your left 1 related: Right
3 consonants to 1 related vowel: Cuss Words
3 related feet (numbers): 1 foot plus 1 foot plus 1 foot equals 1 related (word): Yard
3 common appendage crossings: Legs - Arms - Fingers 1 uncommon related: Eyes
3 European leaders: D.L. George - V. Orlando - G. Clemenceau 1 related: (U.S.) W. Wilson (Paris Peace Talks)
3 at-bat chances to run 1 relational mandatory walk (ball four)
3 microorganism "vats": Rumen - Reticulum - Omasum 1 related "true" stomach: Abomasum (Ruminants)
3 related: Hurry! Hurry! Hurry! 1 relational: Step Right Up (Circus Barker's call)
*** Mendelian inheritance is usually described as the process by which one of two alternate alleles of a gene is inherited from each parent so that the offspring has one of the following combinations: two dominant alleles, two recessive alleles, or one of each. If both parents are heterozygous, that is, have one of each allele, the three genotypes will occur among the offspring with the following probabilities: one homozygous dominant, two heterozygotes, and one homozygous recessive. Phenotypically the two heterozygotes will be indistinguishable from the homozygous dominant. This results in the famous 3:1 ratio. (James C. King, The Biology of Race, 1981, page 28)

*** Triangles are readily seen as geometric patterns-of-three. With respect to the aforementioned Tic-Toc Theory, the figure "8", when truncated at both ends, becomes an "X", which can be seen as two triangles connected at their tips. No less, an "S" can be seen as (1/2) the mirror-image of an "8", the "S" being a common "expression" of many reptiles (etc.), such as a snake traversing the ground. Similarly, Buddha's idea of the way to Nirvana by way of the Noble 8-fold path creates the impression that his 4 Noble truths are a mirror-image formulation. Another mirror-image of the 8 is the "3" (or "E," "W," "M"), a connection that is symbolically represented by the 8 basic trigrams philosophy. By examining some everyday examples of the "X" to realize how (subtly) prominent such a figure is in our lives, you may come to appreciate the occurrences as more than just coincidental:

School X-am X-tinct animals X-rated tic toc theory
King's X (children) X-hume a corpse X-communicate
Treasure map X XXX (moonshine/explosives) X-rays
One's "X" (spouse,etc.) X-pert advice X-pression
X-pecting a baby X-tenuating circumstances X-tort
X-pelled from school X-tended warranty X-plore
X-calibur (sword) X Chromosome X-periment
X-ceed expectations X-ample X-perience
X-ecute the prisoner X-tension cord X-mas tree
X marks the spot X-plode the bomb X-ponent
Make an X (signature) X-convict X-terminate
X-it the stage X-cuses, X-cuses, X-cuses X-actly
Brand X X-cetera (children) X-cellent

To express the "X" with a word, many of us would choose "cross": Cross X-amination; Don't cross the picket line; Cross-word puzzle; "Crux" of a problem; Don't (double) cross me; Got you in my cross-hairs; Cross reference; Cross roads; One's cross to bear; I double dare you to cross that line; Don't be cross (angry). And let us not forget: Cross your fingers - Hope to die - Stick a needle in your eye.

While the following is not a part of the original threes Poster information, I thought it might be of some correlated association to the usage of a "TIC TOC" idea. While my usage appears to be different, the two may be related on a pristine biological level if examined from the perspective of biological adaptation, even though the phrase "TIC TOC" is merely mentioned in the following excerpt and is not defined:

The electronic version of this article is the complete one and can be found online at:

Received: 4 April 2012
Accepted: 23 April 2012
Published: 24 April 2012

© 2012 Nakayama and Archibald; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The evolution of plastids from cyanobacteria is believed to represent a singularity in the history of life. The enigmatic amoeba Paulinella and its 'recently' acquired photosynthetic inclusions provide a fascinating system through which to gain fresh insight into how endosymbionts become organelles. (An organelle is a specialized part of a cell analogous to an organ.)

The plastids, or chloroplasts, of algae and plants evolved from cyanobacteria by endosymbiosis. This landmark event conferred on eukaryotes the benefits of photosynthesis - the conversion of solar energy into chemical energy - and in so doing had a huge impact on the course of evolution and the climate of Earth [1]. From the present state of plastids, however, it is difficult to trace the evolutionary steps involved in this momentous development, because all modern-day plastids have fully integrated into their hosts. Paulinella chromatophora is a unicellular eukaryote that bears photosynthetic entities called chromatophores that are derived from cyanobacteria and has thus received much attention as a possible example of an organism in the early stages of organellogenesis. Recent studies have unlocked the genomic secrets of its chromatophore [2,3] and provided concrete evidence that the Paulinella chromatophore is a bona fide photosynthetic organelle [4]. The question is how Paulinella can help us to understand the process by which an endosymbiont is converted into an organelle.

Plastids evolved once, a long time ago

Photosynthetic eukaryotes are a tremendously diverse collection of organisms, from bacterium-sized unicells and giant kelp in the oceans to the plants and trees that inhabit dry land. Multiple rounds of eukaryote-eukaryote endosymbiosis have resulted in a tangled web of plastid-bearing lineages [see full citation for reference]. Yet despite this complexity, all plastids appear to trace back to a single ancient endosymbiotic event between cyanobacteria and a heterotrophic host eukaryote. This so-called primary endosymbiosis probably occurred over one billion years ago [see full citation for reference]. The primary plastids of land plants, green algae, red algae and glaucophytes differ tremendously from their presumed cyanobacterial progenitors. What we know for certain is that the majority of the genes present in the endosymbiont were lost or transferred to the host nuclear genome and the protein products of many of these genes are now reimported into plastids by a sophisticated import apparatus (the TIC-TOC complex; translocon complex of the inner and outer chloroplast membranes [see full citation for reference]). Unfortunately, much of the molecular and cellular evolution that accompanied the transition from cyanobacterium to photosynthetic organelle is unclear. A variety of intra- and extra-cellular cyanobacterial symbionts are found in present-day eukaryotes [see full citation for reference], but the details of their host-symbiont relationships rarely tell us anything meaningful about the evolution of plastids. Paulinella chromatophora appears to be a remarkable exception.

*** Three noted historical figures on Revolution (notice that they express the acknowledgement of polarized circumstances):

  • It is impossible to predict the time and progress of revolution. It is governed by its own more or less mysterious laws. (Lenin)
  • Those who make peaceful revolution impossible will make violent revolution inevitable. (John Kennedy)
  • Any people anywhere being inclined and having the power have the right to rise up and shake off the existing government, and force a new one that suits them better. (Abraham Lincoln)

*** Three quotations on the Future:
  • When all else is lost, the future still remains. (Christian Bovee)
  • I like the dreams of the future better than the history of the past. (Patrick Henry)
  • My interest is in the future because I am going to spend the rest of my life there. (Charles Kettering)

*** The "Dumbing down" of our Education system, the decline of moral standards, the disuse of testing methods to ensure individual qualifications, and a host of other social issues, are in many respects the result of a 2-party political system restraining the natural developmental trend towards the "3". A 2-party formula political system will force all its citizenry to accommodate, by way of law, military action, or life necessitating privations, through the usage of a variety of reverse discriminatory affirmative action policies, a self-sustaining two--patterned perspective.

Such a system will customarily attempt to justify its actions by encouraging two-patterned oriented (as distinct from predominantly two-patterned preferred) individuals, to stake a claim to their right to receive preferential treatment by using the rationalizations of race, gender, and sex related arguments, thereby prolonging the survival of a 2-party system. Such politically maneuverable arguments become exploited by every unscrupulous individual whose ulterior-motivated personal agendas manipulate interpretations of the U.S. Constitution in order to promote self-serving contrivances of life-threatening approximations which are nothing more than subtle acts of terrorism that hold the public at a point of hostage by the shackles of guilt forged from the molten fires of falsified responsibility, thus guaranteeing the retention of a subservient social atmosphere expressed in such non-government interfering acts as compliance with usuriously intoned tax laws, conferring the final arbitration of truth to a few non-publicly elected individuals who represent nothing more than an oligarchic faction, and by not exercising one's right to vote.

Hence, the government usurps the self-governance dictum describing rule Of, By, and For The People thereby creating an environment which fosters dichotomous notions such as US versus Them, bringing the "they" concept back into vogue. By so doing, it perpetuates the stagnation of our society while at the same time using its worldly influence to encourage all two-patterned oriented individuals to claim some form of minority status and become out spoken in order that they too might assist in keeping the entire world in an antiquated mind-set instead of letting all the peoples of the world come unto themselves ... become all that they ore meant to be as by the due course of nature's progress.

This stagnation, perpetrated by a 2-party system which will plunge this society backwards into an abyss of antiquated notions, is said to already be taking place as is recognized by those who say our progressively acquired 3-color television entertainment has regressed to a 2-patterned portrayal of black and white. No less are the ineffectual policies entitled "War on Crime" and "War on Drugs" two of several means by which a progressively oriented populace is kept from advancing beyond an out-dated 2-party system.

Ineffectual policies give license and "regulated" encouragement to such things as drugs and crime which may grow and be sustained as self-perpetuating cultures, often resulting in piece-meal efforts to restrain the cancer-like proliferation by producing an inter-related network of jobs for those who will unwittingly exercise a quid pro quo form of reciprocation by supporting the two-party system which enables them to remain employed as long as the two-party system and its attendant policies are adhered to. For many others, such an act is an unconscionable surrender to a despicable level of subservience that sometimes engenders them to engage in activities of commerce which circumvent those laws that are sanctioned by a justice system no longer in step with the realities of progressive human endeavors and becomes a liability. Needless to say, it is time for a 3-party political system.

*** We The People: (1) Elect to have a third-party Peoples Legislative Branch consisting of 1 Man, l Woman, and 1 Worker randomly chosen from self-nominated lists of candidates individually established in each State. This "serendipitous" approach to improving self-governance entails a 1 year term as a Peoples Representative, 1 full vote for each Representative, and a salary/benefits package comparable to all other Congressional Representatives. (2) Elect to establish a 1-2-3 maturational-development-sequence philosophy to replace the antiquated Three R's Educational ideology. (3) Elect to revamp the entire Re-Habilitative Corrections Methodologies with respect to a 1-2-3 developmental preventive measures perspective that will necessarily require our system of Justice to be redesigned accordingly.

*** This information is derived from a poster that was made possible by concerned citizens who sincerely desire to make some measurable attempt to leave this world in a better condition than they found it. The information contained herein is for non-profit Public Education purposes only. "We implore all others to not leave this world without making an effort to improve it for all future generations of children."

We pledge our love, our loyalty, our lives...

Maintenance update posted: Friday, 16-June-2017... 11:42 AM

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Herb O. Buckland