Threesology Research Journal: Hybrids, Hybrination, Hibridization
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~ The Study of Threes ~

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Whereas conventional perceptions do not see the revolving Earth, sports balls or the Yin/Yang objects as particles or waves, (even though the idea of viewing them as large particles is easier to visualize), the supposed wave properties may be concealed in periodic fluctuations which can be entertained intellectually as reversals, though the standard preoccupation is to describe them as cycled recurrences without providing any distinctions of traveling or stationary motion(s); such as a moment of stopping before returning to a former point... as in the case of a pendulum swing. In this sense, a reversal need not be seen as a military-styled about-face or geometrically defined 180° turn. A pendulum swing... or reversal, such as an alternating current that is taking place in a drift or digressive path within a magnetic field, might highlight to some observers the presence of a tunneling effect, while others see a linear, elliptical or circular path. If such a reversal takes place in a perceived straight line due to the short period of time being observed and calculations are amended accordingly, then the usage of rotational speeds such as a cyclotron or particle accelerator would appear to be the appropriate vehicle for testing and validating perceptions aligned with this particular type of orientation. Otherwise, a configuration of an eccentric (and wobbling) rotational, elliptical and linear paths need to be used as an instrument of examination and testing.

An accelerated combination of all planetary motions need to be incorporated into a particle accelerator which, in effect, is a decelerator so as to invert the test environment in order to locate and identify those items now referred to as exotic particles and dark matter/energy. A different type of duck blind needs to be constructed along with the usage of a different type of attractor scent and sound emitter. We can not attract exotic particles nor unusual states of existence if we do not have the right type of pheromone. If so-called "color" and strange quarks are not attracted to color nor strangeness, then these words are the wrong type of linguistic plumage to be using in order to construct an aviary or petting zoo specifically designed for such animals as presently being described by physicists more interested in creating colorful names than providing any actual detail of form or function. In a sense, they come across as little more than story-tellers with fish and tall tales meant not as objective criteria, but more as the old coffee table conversation pieces.

Similarly, a rotation or revolution need not trace out a circle or elliptical path, those these are typical views and one does not commonly see a rotation or revolution in terms of some other geometric form such as a square, rectangle, star, column, prism, cone, murmuration (such as seen in the flight paths of skylarks), etc... For example, we have the common reference of going "around" a corner or "to take a corner". In addition, with respect to driving, there are USA colloquialisms in reference to driving such as "hang" a left or right. Forward accelerations have another violent or aggressive term referenced as "step on it". Also, we reference going over a hill, or through a tunnel, under/over/across a bridge, etc... Such references expose a type of motion, though such words may not be used to label types of motion such as circular, rectilinear, periodic, etc., thus revealing an active prejudice in one's vocabulary being used as a functionally fixed narrative we religiously practice. Most often, most of us, simply use the same labels as others do and do not take a look at a phenomena from a different perspective according to a different set of parameters associated with other phenomena.

An example of this is to reinterpret motions in terms of passive or aggressive, reserved, shy, dramatic, fearful, etc... Whereas we categorize other non-biological circumstances with biology-related labels more commonly noted as anthropomorphisms, the usage of non-common labels may help to appreciate conditions in nature which are universally applied, but not acknowledged as such because those making a discovery use the language of the vocabulary they are most familiar with, and may impulsively choose a label so as to establish some sort of personal claim, like an explorer planting a flag and pole, pile of rocks or jotting down some indication on a piece of paper as some sort of property deed. "Naming" an observation or find becomes problematic, when the label obscures the presence of qualities that others overlook because of the labeling and associated references being used. The labels thus become the obstacles other researchers in later generations must overcome to achieve a greater clarity, particularly when those who create labels try to minimize the chance for a label to be altered, thus defeating them at their claim of a proposed historical truth.

With respect to the idea of a reversal taking place, it is more like an apogee, point, tip or furthest place and time are reached, whereby a "disappearance" takes place and a reoccurrence at some beginning renews the object's momentum. In other words, it is like a child's see-saw or swing in which there is a moment's delay or stoppage before a reverse takes place. The point of stopping, however short in duration, is a point of "disappearance" for the previous motion which occurred prior. The previous motion, in a sense, disappears and takes on a new motion and momentum in the reverse direction... like a Janus-faced figure. The effects of such schoolyard equipment children play on may well create established patterns of impression which become incorporated into the psyche of different children in different ways, owing to the fact that some children do not like to play extensively on playground equipment while others appear to be obsessed with a given type such as swinging to and fro (commonly by being pushed), going up and down a slide, the teeter/totter (see-saw), or other dichotomously oriented games such as chase-and-catch (tag you're it), red rover, swing-the-statue, follow-the-leader (taking turns), etc...

At present, we do not actually know what kind of motion we are being faced with upon observing the Universe. Is it uni-directionally Linear? Circular? Elliptical? Is it a pendulum? Up? Down? Back and Forth? Does the Big Bang have a reversible Big Crunch? Is there a moment of cessation before the next motion takes place? If it reverses, when will it slow down to a momentary stop?

Indeed, analogously, the presence of the three stop and one start codons might be interpreted to represent a type of motion, or a Morse code-like impression if the correct sequence is arranged.

In addition, we might want to explore whether the stops are waves and the start is a particle, or vice versa. Too many patterns are taking place in different subjects such as biology and physics that are not being subjected to a larger context, and when they are the suppositions are not being subjected to critical testing beyond thought experiments which are not frequently tested. Many patterns are being viewed and interpreted in particularized circumstances without a thought being given as to their possible role in a larger context that may span multiple subjects and have a meaning as well as application with broader implications for larger questions, or provide answers to questions which have not as yet arisen because people are too preoccupied remembering the labels of ideas developed by others who have created the labels consistent with the coding their brains work best at but is not necessarily best to assist in helping humanity move forward beyond such a point of interpretation and labeling. Such hybrids may come to be stabilized into a breeding form which produces large industries supported by economic policies, but they are types of creatures which need to become extinct so that better breeds of hybridated ideas can emerge.

With respect to identifying the frequency in which stop and start codons occur, the following excerpt may be of interest:


Modes of evolution of stop codons in protein-coding genes, especially the conservation of UAA, have been debated for many years. We reconstructed the evolution of stop codons in 40 groups of closely related prokaryotic and eukaryotic genomes. The results indicate that the UAA codons are maintained by purifying selection in all domains of life. In contrast, positive selection appears to drive switches from UAG to other stop codons in prokaryotes but not in eukaryotes. Changes in stop codons are significantly associated with increased substitution frequency immediately downstream of the stop. These positions are otherwise more strongly conserved in evolution compared to sites farther downstream, suggesting that such substitutions are compensatory. Although GC content has a major impact on stop codon frequencies, its contribution to the decreased frequency of UAA differs between bacteria and archaea, presumably, due to differences in their translation termination mechanisms.


Termination of protein translation occurs when the translating ribosome reaches a stop codon that is recognized by a release factor. Each of the three stop codons, UAA, UGA and UAG, is used in all three domains of life, with occasional reassignment of stop codons for amino acid coding, e.g. in the mitochondria of various eukaryotes. Bacteria encode 3 release factors, RF1, RF2 and RF3. RF1 recognizes UAA and UAG stop codons, RF2 recognizes UAA and UGA, and RF3 is responsible for the dissociation of RF1 and RF2 after the release of the peptide4,9. The ratio between RF1 and RF2 RNA expression and protein abundance has been linked to the ratio between the number of genes terminated with UAG and UGA stop codons (respectively). The frequency of UAA and UGA stop codons strongly depends on the genomic GC-content, whereas the frequency of UAG appears to be independent of the GC content in bacteria10,12. These apparent differences in the usage of the stop codons seems to imply that selective factors exist that differentially affect the different stop codons. Indeed, Povolotskaya and colleagues12 have hypothesized that UAG is a suboptimal stop codon, with selection acting against it, whereas the frequencies of the other two stop codons can be explained by GC-content12. However, others have shown that UAA is more frequent in highly expressed genes, and accordingly, might be considered the optimal stop codon. Moreover, distinct trends have been observed for different bacterial taxa, with Proteobacteria and Cyanobacteria showing higher UAA usage in genes with low GC-content and higher UGA usage in genes with high GC-content, whereas Tenericutes and Mollicutes have a high proportion of UAA regardless of the GC-content. Unlike Bacteria, there are only two release factors in Eukaryotes, eRF1, which is homologous to RF1 and RF2 and recognizes all three stop codons, and eRF3, which is required for eRF1 dissociation13. In Archaea, only one release factor has been identified, aRF1, a homolog of eRF1, RF1 and RF2, which is assumed to recognize all three stop codons14 and has been shown to function when introduced into a eukaryotic translation system.

Purifying and positive selection in the evolution of stop codons by Frida Belinky, Vladimir N. Babenko, Igor B. Rogozin & Eugene V. Koonin)

Here is article focused primarily on the frequency of the Start codon:


Abstract Reconstruction of the evolution of start codons in 36 groups of closely related bacterial and archaeal genomes reveals purifying selection affecting AUG codons. The AUG starts are replaced by GUG and especially UUG significantly less frequently than expected under the neutral expectation derived from the frequencies of the respective nucleotide triplet substitutions in non-coding regions and in 4-fold degenerate sites. Thus, AUG is the optimal start codon that is actively maintained by purifying selection. However, purifying selection on start codons is significantly weaker than the selection on the same codons in coding sequences, although the switches between the codons result in conservative amino acid substitutions. The only exception is the AUG to UUG switch that is strongly selected against among start codons. Selection on start codons is most pronounced in evolutionarily conserved, highly expressed genes. Mutation of the start codon to a sub-optimal form (GUG or UUG) tends to be compensated by mutations in the Shine-Dalgarno sequence towards a stronger translation initiation signal. Together, all these findings indicate that in prokaryotes, translation start signals are subject to weak but significant selection for maximization of initiation rate and, consequently, protein production. Selection on start codons in prokaryotes and potential compensatory nucleotide substitutions by Frida Belinky, Igor B. Rogozin & Eugene V. Koonin

Codon frequency in all parameters (stop, start and routine or regular), might well be viewed as expressions of bias, prejudice or discrimination directed by Nature due to the incrementally deteriorating environmental conditions of Earth and its particular place in the galaxy and universe. If such words are interpreted to be vulgar, the shoe on the other foot might call the situation "Naturally induced preferences".

A similar idea is found in the notion of reincarnation, or renewal, though the person, animal, plant, time, space, etc., are somewhat changed in the next occurrence after a stopping moment. In the consciousness of some humans, there may be retained some impression used as a knowledge to describe a previous life or multiple lives. Whereas some readers may think it is silly to describe such a notion, others may well view it just as silly to speak of particles with "half-lives". The point I want to make is that the usage of words referring to a circumstance identifiable in human- related terms acknowledging life and death may be attempting to describe recurring conditions which subject us to a commonly recognized sense of deterioration, but that change related to an ongoing course change, as if the Earth, the Solar System and Galaxy was just an elaborate space ship we inhabit and are trying to understand how it operates as well as our place in it. Hence, this view is a hybridization of several different perspectives joined together.

The idea of a reversal being seen as a reincarnation caused by the disappearance of someone as they die and are buried or cremated and then thought to have been reborn in another human form or otherwise, describes similar perceptions dealing with reversals. There is both a maximum and minimum points of reference, with some model of a centralization which may be mentioned such as the notion of a "mid-life" or middle age. Because such a pattern occurs in planetary movements, it may be more appropriate to say that human notions of reincarnation simulate planetary impressions. Whereas rivers and other weathering phenomena etch out a memory of their "life-span" such as an old river bed, volcanic crater, ancient forests (from which we get oil deposits), etc., an overall point is to ask how a person removes themselves from such influences and actually creates an original idea that can be accurately and effectively conveyed to others with a vocabulary which will aid in comprehension? How does one stop creating fabrications of old hybrid ideas, though those ideas are lauded as being expressions of genius... such as the perspective one human after another tries to build a better mouse trap, yet most people simply become consumers of those others have fabricated from their own hybridizations following on the footsteps of others, albeit with a different shoe size and shoe... if not simply a "natural" footage orientation?

Reversals very often take on the form of layers, though those layers may not give the impression of overlapping,... such as the two layers of the yin and yang symbol that some readers might prefer not to describe as layers because their usage of the word "layer" means to overlap like a sock on a foot and then a shoe on the sock and then perhaps some covering for their shoe (or boot), such as for walking in water. In the sense I am speaking of, there is an underlying object, "essence" or entity, and it is being layered by something else, such as an apple core covered by eatable flesh that is covered by an eateable skin. Hence, the continents of Earth are a layer just as we say the three basic layers of Earth are core- mantle- crust. Whereas the continents themselves can have layers of terrain, the point in this illustration is to provide an image where layers are exposed in common themes, such as the yin/yang concepts layering a circular object just as we find in the construction of baseballs. Circular objects in all three examples are being used and not square or rectangle objects, though the Janus-faced (double)-pointed triangle of footballs may not show its seams as clearly does a baseball or the widely recognized tectonic plate seams of the Earth. Like a Morse code or binary computer code, we can see different forms of "stitching", which can also be seen in the double helix once the idea of stitching is acknowledged as a viable philosophical label. Indeed, the so-called "wobbling" effect of particles and the Earth are reminiscent of the wobbling a stitched garment expresses, regardless of how tight the seam is executed to conceal combinations. I am not discussing a zig-zag effect deliberately made by either hand or machine, but the in and out stitching pattern produced by needle and thread like a fish jumping in and out of the water as it continues along a course. By pushing a needle and thread through a garment, the needle can be referenced as a fish and the thread as the water stream following suit as it falls off the fish as it plunges into the water (garment) again before repeating the sequence several times more. (Salmon periodically jumping out of the water as they make their way upstream is an image which comes to mind.)

Jumping fish animation
Animated Fishing Graphics

With respect to reversals seen in sports balls, they will be released in a forward motion with a backspin such as in the case of a basketball or kicked football. If we are viewing the reverse tumbling effect from the object itself while its path is in the opposite direction, the perspective of a tunneling effect could be interpreted; much in the manner of being an insect on a leaf as it is swallowed up by a drain spinning in a clock-wise motion. Similarly, chirality (left and right handedness) in chemistry is a well-known phenomena. Analogously, is may be similar to viewing a one-sided stroboscopic event like the pulses of sunlight shining through gaps in trees as one traverses a supposed linear course. I recall such an experience in youth each time I rode in a bus to attend a day camp. Interestingly, I remember going to camp but never returning from there. If the bus had been thinner, enabling me to see out both sides of the bus, I may well have seen a double stroboscopic effect, and the tunneling event may have been more pronounced if the speed of the bus was faster and I could peer out the front with the same relative ease as from side to side. Such a condition is an easily overlooked condition of ongoing reversibility; though if one only looks at one or the other handedness as separate occurrences and not as pieces of a larger perspective, than the notion of reversals is not clear, and may even be argued against. A person with a tunnel vision is not easily aware of the tunnel they are in, or if they are aware of a tunnel, they may not be aware that it is due to some other tunneling effect of their brain processing. This is besides the point that while riding on a bus the intermittent flashes of sunlight through openings may not have a set measurement of equal distances, the from side-to-side occurrences nonetheless create a pendulum-like effect in which one moves as being a part of a particle which the bus can be described as.

Whereas the lack of a tunneling event may not be seen if the particle (such as the Earth) is not moving in a trajectory which enables viewers to recognize a stroboscopic event, they may nonetheless see indications of a stream of lights... like car lights exhibited in accelerated motion picture scenes streaming along roads. Let us take a for instance from another viewpoint regarding acceleration and a strobe-like effect that may not be seen except for in the aftermath of accumulated impressions occurring over billions of years. The event to which I am speaking is that of the Sun's three dominant "moments" (or phases) called dawn- noon- dusk, that would have produced a strobe-like effect due to an accelerated spinning rotation of the Earth. The very fact that we have such three labels not only describes a psychological reference, but may also describe biological impressions involving a pattern-of-three. The idea that earth worms can transfer memories to succeeding generations is a point about when influences of consciousness actually begins. The topic of Epigenetic memory comes to mind:

Vrious articles on epigenetic memory

If we look at all types of memory, with an emphasis on biological forms for the present discussion, we might say that a repetition can give the impression of being a memory. Hence, the pterodactyl limb recurrence can be a memory, just as the recurrences of DNA, RNA and proteins, as well as all atomic particles. If technology did not appreciably change over time, even the uses of certain technologies (as well as tools) could well be viewed as memories encoded to successive generations that are reinforced by repeated uses. Those of us who appear to forget words, where items are, etc., may suggest not a lack of an epigenetic (or other type of) memory, but an ability to be flexible. Flexibility in one's ability to adapt to new changes may well also be a memory which dominates other memories occurring in a given era as a requirement for effectively living in such a time period. Flexibility may be more established, though forgetfulness is a label used to describe such. An ability to not remember during particular times can be very helpful in creative expressions as well as originating new (different) conceptions of thought and activity.

Let us look at some other recurrences which might suggest being established (at least in part) by an epigenetic influence:

  • Herd mentality as an epigenetically created memory expression.
  • Mental versus physical memory (we can remember that we rode a skateboard but are physically not flexible enough to do so later on in life).
  • Searching for clues.
  • Asking questions.
  • Repeating history, not exactly, but similarly. Exact memories can not occur because we occupy different times and places of space. Hybridizations are bound to occur. If they don't, that is if exact events repeat, then we might consider ourselves to be in a time-loop or Alternating current type of repetition.
  • Our body is trained to remember to create hunger pangs.
  • Our body uses events such as nightmares, illness, injury, pain, soreness, etc., as a means of reminding us to stir to wakefulness when body rhythms slow to life-threatening levels.
  • One's body may remember the course of a short life span experienced by one's ancestors and try to effect a replication, unless one learns to adopt a memory that serves the purpose of negotiating a longer life span as a contract whose agreement is periodically triggered when a former memory attempts to assert itself.
  • One might remember impressions suggesting a former life, but it is not a life of a human but some more primitive biological existence predating all animal predecessors.
  • Recurring nightmares may be memories that have been shared by former family members in the distant past who interpreted and articulated them in superstitious ways, and one is confronted not with a rational perspective but past irrational preoccupations held by former ancestors. One may remember their terror and not that the terror is misplaced and childish due to the ancestor's lack of education and experiences.
  • Memories of presumed past lives may not be those of a single life, but multiple events occurring similarly in the minds of ancestors who confused and jumbled different memories together. It is rather silly to think that one's idea of having lived a former life is due to a single memory and not multiple images of others who experienced the former life from their perspective in their particular era and passed on their life's impressions as well. Since humans tend to compartmentalize experiences and perceptions into the framework of one's psyche as they understand it in the time and place to which they are born, multiple memories over long stretches of time of a single (albeit compounded) event can be confabulated to produce a fantastical mirage created by a convergence of multiple disparate images compiled into some model of rationality best befitting one's personalized interests, motivations, health, mental disposition, etc... Surely there are those ancestors of oneself who also had the idea they had lived a former life that... through them, is reborn and that the two rebirths are followed by others who them create a multi-faceted form of memory that someone in the future may be confronted with by having to unravel the real from the fanciful, and the useful from the impractical, since a future life may have need of different skills than those with a past life orientation.
  • etc...

Past lives idea as a metaphor?

One of the issues to be taken up by using a concentric circles illustration to represent the supposed presence of one or more past lives incorporated into the psyche of an individual is that it may be too crisp and clean, since multiple memories of a single life, much less multiple lives may be jumbled up as fragments or labeled a "snippet" if one prefers terminology used in some computer based writing programs. Whereas the story line of one's own personal memory can become misaligned with false, fore-shortened, forgotten, and exaggerated details, this says nothing of memories handed down by way of a supposed epigenetic process with its various deteriorations and solidifications which may or may not have any context in which a person can identify with any clarity. If we want to expand upon the idea of epigenetic memories to include epiplanetary, epigalactic and epiuniverse themes of development, we could include the idea that the Earth and it solar system, if not the entire galaxy is a rekindled memory of some past event(s). This might account for the idea of parallel worlds, dimensions, and other "multi-framed" orientations. Typically, one prefers to interpret past-life memories in a positive point of view and not dwell on any such memory suggesting something bad, wrong, or evil, which have been worked into different types of ghost stories frequently in which an ancestor has been guilty of committing a crime or been the victim of one. Very often ghost stories appear to be a flavor of a past-life rendition of some supposed tortured soul that cannot "move on" to some higher plane of existence by having their particular issue addressed appropriately, after a series of clues have been worked out... very often by a descendant.

Date of Origination: Friday, 30th July, 2021... 6:38 AM
Date of Initial Posting: Friday, 29th October, 2021... 8:11 AM