Threesology Research Journal: Hybrids, Hybrination, Hibridization
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~ The Study of Threes ~

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The Janus faced emblem or sculpture is sometimes portrayed as a symmetrical character or asymmetrical figure. While people recognize this they do not apply the vocabulary of biology to their research or other interests in order to provide a well-spring for themselves to make alternative enterprising forays into different ideological orientations. This asymmetry is seen in the wave/particle duality. However, if the idea of portraying an asymmetrical characterization to ideas is an underlying form/model/archetype/mold/frame, etc. that has been etched into consciousness by some unrecognized influence, then the idea of an asymmetrical particle identity would necessarily crop up because of this and be superimposed on different ideas by a process of thinking that would likewise construct an experiment to provide proof of an already existing impression in our brains... similar to the asymmetrical yin/yang impression which is expressed in different guises in different languages with different symbology in different cultures, but that itself may be but another (albeit an elaborate and expanded) representation of that same underlying impression which may have its roots in an environmentally influenced repetition which has branded itself not only on the human psyche but one or more parts of human and other physiologies both plant and animal as well as insects.

Janus faced symmetry and asymmetry

Related example reference: Two-Faced Janus of Quantum Nonlocality by Andrei Khrennikov, Jan. 2020; (Locality/ Non-Locality issue)

How many times have you come across a Janus-faced hybrid and yet never once may the conscious reference that there symmetrical and asymmetrical models, or that the Yin/Yang symbol can be interpreted as a symmetrical or asymmetrical expression of human cognitive activity? Although similar, the inclination is to make one figure white (or light/fullness/matter) with a black (or dark/hollow/vacuum) eye and the other as portraying two opposite characteristics. Nor is it common for writers and illustrators of such figures to make mention of the symmetry/asymmetry, much less compare them to other subjects material ideas.

Yin and Yang sybology expressing a cognitve profile

The idea of dualistic (hybrid) properties in atomic particles brings to light how humans are perceiving (a presumed) reality under present evolutionary conditions; albeit such a reference does not typically include a descriptive acknowledgment that such a state of human being is undergoing pressures from an environment with active... incrementally deteriorating effects. Far too many dismiss such a reference because far too many professionals make the comment that the larger environmental pressures of existence take a long time... and then attempt to qualify their remarks with an association to geological time scales, and not the more appropriate human life-time scales which humans confront with a greater degree of intimacy. Like the Persistent Dichotomies in psychology, we find a persistent usage of two-patterned ideas in the application of physics experiments as well. Take for example the Double-slit experiment: Double slits with single atoms, which is a pattern-of-three, and appears to be the bare minimum for comparing two items. However, the bare minimum in the slit experiment would ideally be only one particle and one slit, so the usage of two slits and one particle is the next succession, with the first being 1 + 1 which would equal a cognitive two. The double-slit and one particle is a 1 + 2 configuration from which a third item is derived... meaning the notion of a duality called a wave and particle. Many experiments are focused on 'bare-minimum requirements in an attempt to rule out any presumed biases which may occur due to extraneous additions or supplementations... at least that is the dominant rationale, along with costs for undertaking experiments involving fundamental issues.

It appears rather ironic when we think about how much trouble some people go through in making sure nothing or no one interferes with their efforts of getting a clear picture of the reality one is thinking about capturing for the moment (or some imagined longer posterity "for all the world to see") by making sure all possible impediments to a photograph, painting, musical composition, writing expedition, poetry excursion, etc., are being accounted for; and yet Thomas Young (characteristically I might ad, in terms of human cognitive activity leaning towards mirror-imaging suppositions); did the opposite by deliberately introducing an obstacle to a source of light, and creating an image which so many of us have come to embrace as a lasting impression. And to think how many of us have engaged in shadow puppetry just for fun, which follows a bit later on Plato's The Cave Allegory, and the many genres of shadowy intrigues produced in literature and motion picture productions.

The duality of the wavicle

Related example reference: Some Important Experiments with Electrons and Light

While on the subject of wondering if there are psychology-like similarities seen in quantum behavior, let us expand this to include biological substrates as well. Since we notice and acknowledge dualities, etc., in both human behavior and non-human described events in nature, let us consider that "dualization" in some respects could be an expression of the idea called the "copycat effect", but not limit our comparison to the identity of a copycat solely in terms of criminal behavior as described here: Criminal behavior and the copycat effect: (Literature review and theoretical framework for empirical investigation) by Jacqueline B. Helfgott, or Copycat Effect (listing copycat crimes and copycat suicide), or The Copycat Effect: (How the Media and Popular Culture Trigger the Mayhem in Tomorrow's Headlines) by Loren Coleman.

One should note how the idea of a "copycat" is primarily focused on with respect to crime and suicide, but not prominent representation of copycats in business, science, teaching, sports, entertainment (acting), medicine, Dentistry, etc... It is much like the enormous funding provided to the Military and its interests as opposed to large amounts of funding for more citizen focused needs. If other professions (such as science and teaching) practiced a military-styled or police-styled philosophy, they might be able to get more funding for their interests. Yet one of the points I want to make is that duality in physics, in chemistry, in psychology, in philosophy, in genetics, etc., may be viewed as a type of copycat behavior. Another point is to present the idea that when we speak of a wide-spread media influence that brings about copycat behavior; could we not also speak of a wide-spread effect produced by the wide spread presence of dualities... of copycat behavior occurring in the other subjects on the atomic, genetic and various other venues of human activity? People blame things on another's genetics, on another's family life situations (patterns), can we not also include the repeating patterns found in physics, genetics and elsewhere? Must we focus on ill effects or can we train ourselves to focus on positive and neutral effects of copycat behavior as well... particularly from the perspective that copycat behavior need not be limited to a duality where symmetry and/or asymmetry may be deduced, but can involve triplicities and other patterns as well... not to mention geometric formulas, math formulas and idiosyncratic expressions of copycatness?

Could there be two basic types of copycat behavior governing all of nature, or three... or some representative of symmetry/asymmetry, ante- (before)/post- (after), pro/con, positive/negative, minor/major, etc., occurring in different forms in all subjects? Let us look at a short reference to what is described as the Copycat Personality Disorder:

Many people have come across individuals in their life that have replicated or copied their behavior more than a normal degree. This brings to our mind whether such copying behavior is a personality disorder or a clinical condition. So far, research into it has not revealed a clinical condition of copycat personality disorder nor is there any documentation about the personality profile of copycats.

However, imitation and copying behavior does take place in our life on a regular basis within a normal range. There are different inter-related concepts linked to it. These include observational learning, imitative learning, mirroring, and echopraxia.  We shall describe each type and explain situations when such copying behavior goes out of hand and how to cope with such people as follows.

Copying or imitating someone is usually considered a form of flattery since it gives the idea that you think highly of the person you are trying to imitate. Although being copied can be pleasing for some people but sometimes it can take the form of over-imitation and becomes too much, overwhelming, and difficult to handle. In common everyday language, behavior that involves copying or imitating someone’s behavior is labeled copycat behavior. Copying behavior can come in many forms. Different terms and versions of it exist. These include the following:

  • Imitation/Over-imitation/Observational Learning: These three terms are often used interchangeably with each other but they describe the same thing. They are a form of learning that occurs when we observe and copy the behavior of others. Its concept was first given by Albert Bandura. For such learning to take place, one needs a social model such as a parent, a teacher, or someone who is an authority figure.
  • Echopraxia/Echolalia: Echopraxia is the repetition or imitation of another person's actions, similar toEcholalia which is the repetition of sounds and language of another person. This occurs at an involuntary level and is automatic. It usually occurs in psychological conditions like autism, schizophrenia, aphasia, catatonia, people with frontal lobe damage, etc.
  • Mirroring refers to an unconscious imitation of gestures, speech, and attitude of another person, In short, we unknowingly imitate the non-verbal behavior of others. The purpose usually is to build rapport or show empathy to another person. It is different from conscious imitation or copying behavior.

Different subjects use different vocabularies and may not use the language of psychology in a strict sense when exhibiting copycat behavior, that is if we allow ourselves great latitude in adopting the sharing of ideas customized within a given discipline. Disciplines mixing and matching vocabularies as well as whole ideas is not new. Different vocabularies and ideas shared between one subject and another allow for expansion of perspective and sometimes in the development of an altogether new idea which pops into one's mind as a revelation, insight, Eureka? or else wise fortuitous recognition. Often times an idea is very simple one shakes their head in disbelief that they didn't think of it sooner. Police detectives do this on occasion as do multiple others in different fields of research as well as the everyday housewife, shop-keeper, mechanic, street worker, etc...

One of the points I want to ask again is whether biological substrates, molecules and atoms participate in both good, neutral or bad forms/models of copycatness, though one might use the phrase 'monkey see, monkey do', or copydogness, copybirdness, copy-squirrelness, etc., since I don't know of any cat that engages in any more imitation than other animals. And speaking of animals, can we describe pacific salmon swimming upstream to their home turf as a copyfish behavior, though others have described it as the result of scent and the Earth's magnetic field, where they mate and then die (How do salmon know where their home is when they return from the ocean?)... and pigeons returning to their nesting place as a homing instinct.

Whereas we humans do not use the term copycat to refer to repetitious behavior seen in plants, insects, weather patterns, stock market patterns, recessions, etc., we do have, (as I repeat myself) the idea that a history repeats itself, and examples of which can be found in these articles:

  • It's all just history repeating itself by Emily A. Vogels, Lee Rainie and Janna Anderson
    • The more things change, the more they stay the same.
    • The future will flow from current trends.
  • Historic Recurrence
    • Historic recurrence is the repetition of similar events in history. The concept of historic recurrence has variously been applied to the overall history of the world (e.g., to the rises and falls of empires), to repetitive patterns in the history of a given polity, and to any two specific events which bear a striking similarity.
    • Historic recurrences of the "striking-similarity" type can sometimes induce a sense of "convergence", "resonance" or déjà vu.
    • An eastern concept that bears a kinship to western concepts of historic recurrence is the Chinese concept of the Mandate of Heaven, by which an unjust ruler will lose the support of Heaven and be overthrown.
    • G.W. Trompf describes various historic paradigms of historic recurrence, including paradigms that view types of large-scale historic phenomena variously as "cyclical"; "fluctuant"; "reciprocal"; "re-enacted"; or "revived". He also notes "[t]he view proceeding from a belief in the uniformity of human nature [Trompf's emphasis]. It holds that because human nature does not change, the same sort of events can recur at any time." "Other minor cases of recurrence thinking," he writes, "include the isolation of any two specific events which bear a very striking similarity [his emphasis], and the preoccupation with parallelism [his emphasis], that is, with resemblances, both general and precise, between separate sets of historical phenomena."
  • Oxford Reference: history
  • etc...

When we see so-called natural disasters, and I am not sure whether we can call recurring plagues and pandemics natural disasters or direct them to a category of being human generated... as if humanity is something other than a natural entity; are man-made disasters the copycat/ duality effect? Because something occurs in nature humanity attempts to copy it or at least describe some close affinity to it? For example, many think there is a god that is all things good, wise, strong, virtuous, etc., and so humanity, despite its many failings, creates an image that it is made in this god's image. Is this not a type of copycat behavior... whether one thinks of it as a symmetrical or asymmetrical form? If History repeats itself, is not the act as well as the idea both examples of copycat behavior? And this same activity takes place on the molecular, atomic and genetic realms? What then do we do with this knowledge but to add it to our list of hybridizations?

It appears we humans are inclined to use the word "cycle" or "cyclicity" when encountering repeat performances instead of labeling them as reversal or much less as hybrids, in the sense that a "cycle" represents a series of sequential events which differ from one another and therefore constitute a compilation and not a singularity, though even some or all types of singularity have either/or an internalized/externalized compilation of two or more items (such as hot/cold, mass/vacuum, light/dark, particle/anti-particle, motionless/light speed... and other dichotomies (to provide the smallest form of hybrid in current models of thinking). We do not customarily think of the word "cycle" (and its affinities: cyclicity, cycled, etc...) as representing a reversal, or a hybrid nor some form of parallelization such as a mirror-image, since humans are inclined to limit as a means of control and be secure in whatever form of ignorance we can impose or persuade others to agree with us... that is... we indulge in a conservative frame of mind in this definition— its usage; but are more generous and liberal when it comes to using the word cycle. A cycle can be a reversal if the reversal is a part of the cycle.

The Wagon Wheel Effect or its associate Stroboscopic Effect may well be described as illusions, but we are inclined to dismiss other events which appear either to have a reversal or is suggested as being a reversal by someone else, as being a fallacy of perception. Many of us have seen revolving spoked-wheeled vehicles which appear to be reversing and come to conclude it is a phenomena created by the type of perceptual apparatus the human species is endowed with, and make conscious adjustments, but this doesn't mean we do this every time we see a reversal or overlook a reversal and yet are being influenced by it without conscious knowledge. And this says nothing about the torsional effects of a spinning bicycle wheel often used in demonstrations during physics classes or the illustration of a spinning skater or gyroscope.

Whereas we say life to death is a cycle but we do not think of it as a reversal, even though the view that life begins anew with each birth is pronounced as a given. While we claim humanity as one species, and may say that we are one with nature, we do not think is enough to describe each of us as being interconnected enough to constitute a reversal of death back to life in successive generations, though we may embrace the concept of a collective unconscious and spirituality. Humans can be fickle when it comes to a question of their soul. Whereas they may believe in the concept of a soul mate, the idea that the whole of humanity represents a single soul in the universe, is not a customary view to be considered, much less contemplated or accepted. We do not customarily see each person as a link in a chain, or part of a series of stepping stones, or a gateway being passed through in a large metamorphosis where the concept of Evolution is the embodiment of a species' effort to emerge from a cacoon and realize a flowering;; because humanity can not see itself as the cells of an egg undergoing embryogenesis. Such a view is just too metaphysical for some. They prefer something more practical, more down to earth... in the era to which they were born, however crude, rude and backward or irrational they come to realize it is. However, some sober up to the reality they are in and become despondent because they do not see a way they continue to indulge in the silliness "of it all" without indulging in some escapism. Others simply learn to navigate the waters and "play the game" as conceived of in the idea of When (or while) in Rome, (do as the Romans do), which is an expression many a student, faculty member, employee, neighbor, etc., have found to embrace while in particular circumstances, regardless of the stupidity. Those who can not adapt, simply change venues if they can and find some other type of rationalization which best befits the structure of their mindset and attitude.

For some reason we don't visualize a cycle as a reversal in any way, shape, or form. For example, even though we see an old person reverting to behavior reminiscent of a child, we refer to it as a process of life, as a characteristic of old age, though we may sometimes refer to it as a regression, and not think to consider other cyclicities... other progressions as exhibiting a reversal as well.

We go in one door and then exit either the same or another door, such as when going to work, shopping, or even using a vehicle... but don't consider the routine of enter and exit as a reversal, even though it actually is. While we do not walk backwards or may not say I have to go back or return, the action is nonetheless the same. We simply choose to define it differently based on the perception that the usage of the word "cycle" can imply progress, while the word "reversal" is associated with the though or feeling of retreat or regression. Unfortunately, this attitude can come to the fore of one's research efforts and misguide us to create an idea that others may cling to and even teach to others, whereby we end up with a cultural view of an event which then becomes a stumbling block for other ideas because we have established a given, a rule-of-thumb, perhaps even some believed in Natural law. We have painted ourselves into a corner... just as the usage of mainstream mathematics can do for those searching a route to a new dimension of thought with great applicability.

We may or may not call one side of a coin the reverse side, since one could argue about which side is the non-reverse side in order to establish a difference. Double-sided pieces of metal called coins just like enter and exit signs, are hybrids. We honestly need to consider whether or not a labeled cycle is not actually a reversal, by establishing a definition of reversal that can be hybridated into a multi-headed creature in one occasion, or a multi-limbed creature during another time, as well as providing ourselves with the adopted advantage of creating the word "reversal" (and other words) into (for example, without trying to initiate any inclined favoritism or selective bias):

  • A large wardrobed Paper Doll collection
  • A Tinker Toy set collection
  • A LEGO Toy set collection
  • An Erector Set collection
  • A Craft, Gardening, or Needlework kit. (There exist several commercial outlets for individual or collections thereof, since some people are involved with two or more types of creative activity. In a past century they may have been an encyclopedist or someone involved with the development of a First dictionary in English or some other language. However, instead of contributing to a mono-lingual, bi-lingual or multi-lingual transcription like someone working on a Rosetta stone, Behistun rock formation or Galle trilingual inscription, there are those who would be more adept at contributing to a multi-volume enterprise for listing all the different ideas humans come up with.

There are of course other types of kits one might use as an analogy involving chemistry, electricity, biology, rocks, butterflies, stamp collections, coins, glass figurines, antiques, fly fishing lures, puzzles, model kits, etc... However, the point is that we are frequently too strict with our definitions at sometimes and then too general at other times. For the present discussion I am attempting to enlarge the definition of hybrids to include ideas in multiple subjects in order that we might better recognize a similarity of thought processing seen in non-real forms of hybrids (such as mythological creatures) and real forms of hybrid which are most often not described as a hybrid. An example be the usage of a word such as "cycle" when the word "reversal" may be better suited for the intent of applying it to some other examination which may be described, displayed or constructed in a way that favors either ones definition of cycle or reversal.

Is the Yin/Yang symbol more readily interpreted to be cyclical than a reversal, whereby if one or the other is established as the preeminent definition, then all thought processing which uses the yin/yang idea will engage in an act of mimicry which invades all subjects and the minds of all researchers? Indeed, what if ancient Chinese wise men made a mistake in their impressions of reality which are conveyed in the yin/yang idea today, yet no one takes the time to reconsider any alternatives because they parrot, they mimic, they reflect and shadow established views thinking themselves right, because so many others copycat the same views as well? Along with accepting the yin/yang idea as an established truthful perception of reality, so too do millions... perhaps billions of people agree with the I-Ching version of ideas called Trigrams with three layers of lines, yet no one takes the time to see that the lines are made up of only two lengths, and therefore might be better referred to as Bigrams striving to reach a Trigram level by displaying three lines-of-two different types, instead of three separate lines with three different lengths. What we see in the usage of 3- two-line-groupings is not only an embellishment, but a mimicry trying to impose the idea of progress through the notion of cyclicity, instead of real progress in the numerical representation of one-line, two-lines and three-lines configuration.

The I-Ching does not express progress in terms of growth, but progression towards an adopted expression of a reversal. It goes to a point of 2, like some primitive counting scheme, and them starts again, all the while trying to reach a full expression of a "3" by using two types of lines arranged into a pattern-of-three, but it cannot reach a full articulation of the "3" because it is fashioned on an antiquated mindset consistent with ideological orientations where dichotomies were sufficient for interests and aspirations in a world barren of a technological prowess amongst multiple players having acquired the rudimentary skills to further grasp those territories of inquiry that the average person of bygone centuries and eras did not possess the commonality of knowledge, understanding and perceptual permissibility which many more everyday people living to day are in abundance of, but have no practical or progressively oriented direction to apply such to because of the constricted definitions being used such as in the case of what the term hybrid means.

I Ching Trigrams are embellished Bibrams

I Ching_Reversibility

Janus-faced figure representing begniings and endings

All too often we apply a term such as "cycle" as in the case the biologically important Citric Acid Cycle (also known as the Krebs cycle and Tricarboxylic acid cycle); and never think to consider we are witnessing a reversal, since there is no mention of a reversibility in the manner one might remove a jacket, coat, hat, gloves, etc., to turn it inside out and have a functioning zipper, buttons, hood or pockets, where such items are used. The common notion of reversal is viewed as something that backs up, turns around, or does an about-face... and is not featured as a two-faced Janus (God of Endings and Beginnings), by Faranak Mirjalili (Jungian Analyst). In terms of electrical power, (to give another example), one might not think that AC (Alternating Current) periodically reverses and is cyclical, while DC (Direct Current) continues in a straight line and does not cycle, though switches can cycle both AC and DC on and off. We can not see nor sense that AC current reverses, but the use of an oscilloscope proves it. Both currents are felt to travel in a straight line because both can keep a light bulb on without any visible change... in most circumstances. We generally put information in a circular image if a process repeats itself and does not reveal any visible or detectable reversal according to common definitions of reversibility. Likewise, if we see a Janus-face figure accompanied by commentary which discusses the beginning and ending of a year, where one figure is supposed to be interpreted as looking forward and the other looking rearward, we still may not think in terms of reversibility. Looking rearward or thinking about the past or going over one's path is not (and let me add the word "prejudiciously") viewed as going backwards. Looking backwards is thought not to be the same as actually retreating to the past, though in many instances one does regress to a former place, time and assumed former position.

Two examples of cyclical events

AC current and reversal observation

In some instances we do indeed use different definitions for the idea of reversal. Yet, the usage of animal body parts attached to human body parts or vice versa, is not viewed as a reversal in human thought processing. If, in one direction we twirl a spoon in a glass filled with different substances to mix them up, and then twirl the spoon in the other direction and claim that there was no change in the mixture; did we engage in an act of reversibility or a cyclical event of thinking no one has bothered to catalogue as such? Like an atomic particle in a container that eventually may traverse over its own path, is it the container which has caused reversibility or the particle itself? Will a particle travel in a straight line if it never encounters a barrier of any kind? How then must one account for reversibility if the supposed intended forward motion is not known? If we detect a particle going in one direction, is it the forward direction or a reversal that is not recognized as such because we consider that no particle reverses itself, despite the very real existence of Anti-particles which suggest reversibility is a fact of life... at least on the quantum level? While we say that an electrical charge is reversed, we do not customarily say that particles themselves reverse course, or that which we are detecting is the behavior of a particle in a reverse (mirror image) motion... much like the right (dextrorotary) and left (levorotary) of biochemical compounds. Interestingly, however... there is a problem: (please keep in mind I am applying the idea to larger environmental/planetary events which have shown us examples of reversibility such as geomagnetic reversals and the present state of an increased Earth rotation...)

Most bio-molecules occur in mirror, or chiral, images of each other. However, life is homochiral: proteins contain almost exclusively levorotatory (L... LEFT) amino acids, while only dextrorotatory (R... RIGHT) sugars appear in RNA and DNA. The mechanism behind this fundamental asymmetry of life remains an open problem. Coupling the spatiotemporal evolution of a general autocatalytic polymerization reaction network to external environmental effects, we show through a detailed statistical analysis that high intensity and long duration events may drive achiral initial conditions towards chirality. We argue that life's homochirality resulted from sequential chiral symmetry breaking triggered by environmental events, thus extending the theory of punctuated equilibrium to the prebiotic realm. Applying our arguments to other potentially life-bearing planetary platforms, we predict that a statistically representative sampling will be racemic on average. (Having equal amounts of left- and right-handed enantiomers (Enantiomers or optical isomers are chiral molecules which are non-superimposable mirror images of each other.) of a chiral molecule (Punctuated Chirality)

Examples and explanation of chirality

Example of Levorotatory and Dextrorotatory`

Let me provide some examples of the aforementioned "fundamental asymmetry of life" because it is such an important and fascinating topic:

  • How Life Turns Asymmetric by Tim Vernimmen, Jan. 31st, 2017
  • Force of nature gave life its asymmetry by Elizabeth Gibney, 25th Sept. 2014
    • Physicists have found hints that the asymmetry of life – the fact that most biochemical molecules are 'left-handed' or 'right-handed' – could have been caused by electrons from nuclear decay in the early days of evolution. In an experiment that took 13 years to perfect, the researchers have found that these electrons tend to destroy certain organic molecules slightly more often than they destroy their mirror images. (Life is made largely of molecules that are different than their mirror images.)
  • Chiral Asymmetry in Nature by Dilip Kondepudi, in Chiral Analysis (Second Edition), 2018
    • Abstract: Chiral asymmetry appears in nature at all levels, from elementary particles to morphology of mammals, and possibly even at the level of galaxies. In this chapter, we review this asymmetry at all levels along with the mechanisms that create them. The process of spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking and the high degree of sensitivity has to small chiral asymmetries are at the core of the observed asymmetry. The review begins with basic definitions and commonly used measures of chiral asymmetry and then addresses the problem of quantification issues. It is followed by a systematic review of chiral asymmetry from electro-weak interactions to biochemical to morphological and astrophysical scales. A general theory of spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking is presented next, along with a discussion of sensitivity of symmetry breaking processes. The review concludes with experimental examples of chiral symmetry breaking processes.
  • Origin of Biological Chirality by Tetsuyuki Yukawa, in Progress in Biological Chirality, 2004
    • Introduction Asymmetries appear at various stages in the biological evolution. Among them the most fundamental asymmetry is the molecular asymmetry known as the chirality in proteins, RNA's, and DNA's. Proteins of biological origin are known to be formed by left-handed L-amino acids, except glycine which is chirality neutral, while sugars in RNA's and DNA's are selectively right-handed D-ribose. At present it is a complete mystery when, where, and how this asymmetry arose, but I believe it can be understood scientifically as a result of the natural law. Under the circumstance that we do not yet have any reliable scenario of the origin of life, we inevitably give some plausible assumptions at various stages of evolution, especially to the initial conditions. We assume that life began on the Earth within its 4.6 billion years history, and at an early stage of the history when the surface temperature was still very high, chemical evolution started to synthesize amino acids.— Origin of the biological chiral asymmetry has been searched for either in natural environments or in the elementary process. I prefer to choose the cause of asymmetry in the elementary process, which I mean the parity violation of weak neutral current, mainly because of its universality...
  • Animal Asymmetry by A. Richard Palmer
    • For decades morphological asymmetries have evoked curiosity and wonder (Figure 1). Although largely studied by natural history connoisseurs, many wonderful stories emerged: for instance, lopsided flatfish that lie on one side of their body and have both eyes on the other; the narwhal's spectacular, sinistrally-coiled and left-sided tusk; Velella velella, the by-the-wind sailor that drifts on the ocean surface and has right- and left-sailing forms; the ability of oppositely coiled snails to mate – sometimes it's easy and sometimes it's not; male theridiid spiders that rip off one palp and eat it, leaving only one for mating; male fiddler crabs with a massive claw (up to 40% of body weight) that is used for signaling and fighting.— Morphological asymmetry is one of those exceedingly rare characteristics of animals (and protists and plants) that has evolved independently many times (Table 1). In a 1932 compilation not since equaled, Wilhelm Ludwig tallied all known examples and kinds of animal asymmetries: large, small, bilateral, helical, morphological and behavioral. But little general insight emerged from this Herculean exercise other than an attempt to standardize terminology, some speculations on common causes, and a nearly 100-page screed (a long speech or piece of writing, typically one regarded as tedious), on handed behavior in humans and other primates, a subject that, astonishingly, remains poorly understood even today...

Examples of assymetry in animals

Assymetry in life commentary

Asymmetry in life is an expression of hybridization. It is a mixture like having two different sizes of claws or two different colors of eyes or just having two eyes or one eye with three parts (cornea, pupil, iris), or three cones for color, etc..., which are 3-in-1 configurations much like an atom with a proton, neutron, electron makeup... or the makeup layering technique some women use on their eyes or how they cut, color and arrange heir hair... thus representing quark particle configurations of up, down, strange, charm(ing), top, bottom. Many women (and men) can be viewed as walking, talking conglomerations of inter-active quarks. (Einstein's hair-do displayed an "everywhere", "wild thing" (wilding) or "electrified" quark.)

Hibridizations can exhibit reversals, mirror-images, shadows, echoes, and other "pairings" which can exhibit a body profile of Asymmetry, Symmetry, Bi-lateralism, Tri-lateralism, geometric formulas, and multiple other configurations, mix and match as you will. And we humans often get trapped or stuck in one or another definition that may be deliberately used as a means of internal and/or external control, like those who require another or others to adhere to a given set of rules if they want to participate "correctly", in the right way. Such control forms are used by authorities as exclusionary measures to limit access to only a select few. When a majority gets wind of this it tends to develop its own set of values from which new rules develop and the old ways are given up. And then a new cycle of the old created by the new which eventually becomes viewed as stifling, whereby some generation over-throws its values. While political, religious, economic and other ideologies attempt to maintain control as a survival mechanism of its traditional observances, there comes a moment when the whole of the former, or at least one or more major parts, becomes disused, if not thrown out with the bath water onto the refuse heap of history.

We no longer view atoms as being indivisible. And many no longer hold a strict observance of religious views or those hypothesis presented to us by presumed scientific facts. Nor are we so naive as to believe in the illusions being promoted by phony democracies the world over and their phony counter-parts being advocated by would-be control freaks under the guise of some supposed revolutionary idea involving hybrids of multiple types of political considerations. The idea that Communism will provide a Utopia on Earth for humanity is well noted as being ludicrous since there are recognizable deteriorations with the planet and solar system taking place. All government forms are short-term practices for a means to an end for a given generation. We should learn to change governments, religions and businesses, as well as our scientific, mathematical, educational, economic and multiple other considerations, as often as we change our socks, underwear and toilet paper rolls... not literally, but figuratively. Whereas we come to demand the right to think alternatively, but only in the sense that it provides for actual development and not mere excursions into topics of conversation as fillers for otherwise soap-opera dramas and other entertainment diversions in our respective social environments to be used as tools of manipulation where in former years the tactics were the use of poetry, art, music, wine, food, dance, or other commercialized narcotic practiced in private for the purpose of gaining a sexual advantage, a financial advantage, or advantaged position.

We venture forth, asking such questions as whether atomic particles can be understood better if we apply common themes of behavior to them, such as whether atoms take selfies, as might be supposed when we encounter the view that their is pairing in terms of a mirror-imaged anti-particle. While we ask this and other questions in the humorous vein of a mental excursiveness not bound by the constraints others cling desperately to because of their insecurities and need to be straight-jacketed to a compendium of repetitively recited natural laws, rules, and observed standards when engaged in creating formulas or speaking to a colleague who shares in their religious-like system of beliefs in their chosen field(s) of interest... we know that we too find some means of tethering ourselves to whichever reality we find comfort in. And so like a yo-yo with a return string or rubber ball attached to a rubber band, we may dart here and there within the respective limits of whatever constraints we are affixed to at a moment, and then allow ourselves to return to the hard surface of some reality where others uniformly congregate and claim as the truth, the real, the practical which we too must at sometime retreat to reclaim some bearing for yet another treasure hunt by way of digression. Such is the usage of hibridization so very many take for granted and develop into a tradition of commonality that others try to break free from in their poetry, their art, their music, or other entrepreneurial efforts taking place in different fields of research or day to day activities.

For example, one hibridization of thought may be to look for examples of time travel on the molecular and/or atomic levels which may be enlarged to encompass a human body level of transportation. If it occurs on a small scale, can be enlarge it? Hence, it is asked: "Are there particles that move either backwards or forwards in time"? Interestingly, the question may be addressed by those who insinuate they have some preeminent understanding of time travel and may provide what are supposed to be rational answers involving math, physics and other presumed rules of nature. They are those whose insecurity clings to ideas which they and others claim to be THE right way to think, to be THE truth requiring absolute fidelity, to be THE one and only factual reality. While not everyone who recites some accepted value verified by current models of experimentation are necessarily insecure since they have to follow rules in a particular environment of employment or classroom, or some other venue which frowns upon creative thinking where conveyor belt routine thinking is expected, this defense is not obligatory. With respect to insecurity and following some prescribed rules of conduct and "right" thinking, one must question the need for a supposed secure, stable and self-sufficient god to have such a lowly creature worship him, her or it. No less, the idea of man (and woman) being made in (a) god's image sounds like the parity problem of some antiquated rudimentary physics mentality.

It is rather a suspicious form of business, government, and religious ruling which emphasizes that men and women should be self-sufficient yet they themselves are dependent on the people for their claimed self-sufficiency. When taxes are used to construct and maintain public recreational facilities, transportation and utilities such as Amtrack (in the U.S.) as well as pay for entry or usage thereof, the idea of self-sufficiency just like the recurring taxes-paid-for private property ownership and ponzi schemed social security system where all are illusions of a purported Democratic Freedom whose costs are becoming so abortively hostile to millions of citizens, is a disaster in the making.

Despite the many rules, regulations, laws and axioms humanity has devised, there are those like myself who respond to the detractors of enterprising creative notions by saying "we" don't care what you say, we will look for a means to usurp your views... but not necessarily the needed physiologically dependent infrastructure which can have a sustained utility... at least until such time as something better is constructed. Hence, we are rebels. We want to overthrow these would-be protectors of some scientific or purported common-sense faith. And so someone from the uncounted membership of the group to which I belong asks another question such as "Is it possible to stop a particle from moving"? All of which leads us to such things as (for example):

  • Atoms trapped by light May, 24th, 1999, Phys. Rev. Focus 3, 29
    • Like children chasing soap bubbles, physicists often find that once they corral a few atoms in one place, they don't last long. So trapping clouds of atoms for long times has been essential for such recent advances as the creation of the quantum state known as a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC). The longest-lived traps for neutral atoms have always used magnetic fields, but they are limited to specific types of atoms and phenomena. A report in the 24 MayPRL describes a trap made from a single laser beam that can hold atoms for more than 5 minutes–almost a hundred times longer than previous all-optical traps&ndaah;putting it within striking distance of magnetic traps and allowing physicists to study new classes of atomic phenomena. — Magnetic traps confine atoms based on their magnetic properties, so the most cooperative atoms have a strong magnetic moment, which comes from an unpaired electron. The trap fixes the spin state of that electron, which limits the number of atomic spin states that can be trapped in a single cloud of atoms. John Thomas and his colleagues at Duke University in Durham, NC, would like to create a "degenerate gas of interacting fermions," a quantum state that so far has been studied only in liquids and solids. These experiments will require atomic states that cannot be trapped magnetically...
  • 'Tractor beams' build atom-by-atom assembly by Cathal O'Connell, 25 July 2016
    • ...An atom caught in the cross-beam stops dead, like a deer in headlights, because it is attracted to the strong electric field right at the center of the beam...
  • Retrocausality
    • Retrocausality, or backwards causation, is a concept of cause and effect in which an effect precedes its cause in time and so a later event affects an earlier one
  • Spacetime, Tachyons, Twins and Clocks by John D. Norton
    • Once we have the notion of spacetime and the simple picture it brings of the relativity of simultaneity, we find that other processes and effects in special relativity become much easier to understand. Here is a collection of a few of them. — One of the most intriguing entities in relativity theory are Tachyons. They are hypothetical particles that travel faster than light. They are distinguished from "bradyons," particles that travel at less than the speed of light. While bradyons are familiar and include protons, electrons and neutrons, tachyons have never been observed.

      Bradyons and Tachyons comparison

      For present purposes, the interesting fact is a curious property: for some observers tachyons travel backwards in time. With the spacetime representation of the relativity of simultaneity, it is now easy to see how this comes about. The figures below show a tachyon being created and propagating into space; and how three different observers would judge the same process of tachyon creation.
  • What particles travel backwards in time? by Alex Heath, 2019-04-18
    • Hypothetical superluminal particles called tachyons have a spacelike trajectory, and thus can appear to move backward in time, according to an observer in a conventional reference frame...

The first (a cycle) is dynamic while the latter (a reversal) is rather static... in the sense it doesn't show movement and thus no presumed progress. We see this behavioral thinking posture in mathematics as well. Whereas we claim the usage of math equations/formulas are dynamic, are progressive... are speaking of a dynamic process, and yet deny to ourselves the fact that we do so in a recurringly static way we are additionally calling it a consistency, a natural law, a time-honored proof or established given, principle, value. In short, much of our mathematics is based on the usage of a static behavioral mindset we may defensively argue is standard, is typical, is established, is routine, is common, is correct, etc., but overlook any of it as a practice in reversals which may be accompanied by an inclination to call such behavior a revision or that we are reverting to the usage of a time-honored practice. In essence, we periodically practice behavior which is a reversal... a going-over the same ground, the same foot/mind/heart path.

Such behavior may typically be described as a dichotomy, but the word dichotomy does not then issue forth an image of a static yin/yang symbol, much less a spinning one, and even much less a reversing one. No one I have ever encountered nor any presentation of the Yin/Yang I have ever read describes the symbol or idea in dynamic terms. They use examples which display multiple static/dynamic ideas... or let us say reversible polarities, but do not instructively suggest to the reader that they symbol should be rotated in their mind. It should be explained in terms of natural phenomena such as the dichotomous certain-uncertainty principle, or the dichotomous wave/particle, or dichotomous ante/anti (before/after or positional/oppositional or plus/minus) configurations seen in particle physics; the stop/starts seen in amino acids, the left/right orientations and the expressed 3/5 values which exhibit a + 2 and - 2 attribute... not to mention the double helix often portrayed in the same static way as the yin/yang figure typically portrayed as a static ball and not a double helix with attributes similar to different but recurring amino acids aligned into triple configurations just as the I-Ching using so-called trigrams which are actually embellished bigrams... with two different lengths of line and not three different lengths). The Yin/Yang is described as a ball just as the Earth is most often portrayed and not thought of as particles with a dual identity called a wave.

Date of Origination: Friday, 30th July, 2021... 6:38 AM
Date of Initial Posting: Saturday, 25th September, 2021... 5:19 PM