Threesology Research Journal
I'm the Real Actual Cookie Monster. (6K)
I'm the Real Cookie Monster. (6K) Crop Circle animated heading (35K) I'm the Real Actual True Cookie Monster. (6K)

pg 2

(The Study of Threes)

Crop Circle Formations

Here is a list of some three-patterned occurrences amongst Crop Circles collected from various sources:

  • Variations of Linear - Circular - Triangular "formulas" being used.

  • Three main tracks usually terminating in three distinct groupings.

  • Three-bundle wrappings of stalks.

    • (Also groupings of 3 main bundles and 1 minor bundle.)

  • Three "Tools-of-Trade" used by the "Circle Makers": Sound - Heat - Wind.

  • Three different lengths of lines in some formations.

  • Formations creating energies within the lay of a Circle - Ring- (or) Path.

  • Triplets of patterns that occur over many miles of terrain form isosceles triangles.

  • Three distinct glyphs in some formations.

  • Triangulation of formations occur near Stonehenge.

  • Triangulation of formations are said to occur near the Mexican Pyramids.

  • Three "Tools-of-Trade" (Sound - Heat - Wind) are said to be intelligent encodings.

When it was thought that a particular formation resembled the 3rd Charka, other formations were sought in an attempt to identify the possibility of other formations resembling other Charkas.

3- patterned frequency difference for the occurrence of UFO/Alien phenomena and Crop circles (Though the frequency may be greater, there is less reporting thereof which could be the result of one or more reasons such as a lack of media notification, active suppression, etc.):

  1. Most frequent amongst Indo-European/Caucasian-related communities.

  2. Less frequent amongst Asian-related communities.

  3. Least frequent amongst African-related communities.

However, it must be noted that how such an observation is stated, can give more credence to the idea of (pictorially portrayed) Charkas or more credence to Crop Circle formations. If we say Crop Circles resemble Charkas, this gives an impression that the Charkas have some sort of confirmation to an assumed significance or to some unknown phenomena with Indian-based spiritual ramifications. On the other hand, if we say that it is the Charkas which resemble Crop Circle Formations, then we imply Crop Circles have a credence greater than the Charkas. If we prefer to give equal significance to both after reading the above, it merely means you are a reader engaging in alterations of written semantics in order to suggest a superiority of interpretation to what is being written. Yet, a few readers may intimate to themselves that both interpretations may be wrong.

Just because we of the present interpret, define and describe particular designs with language used in so-called "Higher" levels of a subject such as mathematics, astrophysics, genetics, linguistics, philosophy, etc., does not mean the originator of the design used a similarly conscious effort of expression. (Lofted labeling does not change the primary function of a safety-pin, though creative application may thus name it otherwise in a given context.) For example, whereas we can interpret the designs of a Navajo "sand painter" within the context of lofted language labels, and teach the painter to describe their work with these labels as well, does not mean they, from the onset were consciously attempting to make the point suggested by the label others used to describe the design in order to make some personal use of it in a specialized context. Sometimes artists, writers in general, directors, and engineers are taken aback by the descriptions of others who see something in their work that they never implied. It's not that the interpretations are necessarily wrong, just never consciously intended.

Very frequently, just as it is in writing a poem "that pops into one's head," or a music improvisation that develops out of a musical "get together or jam session," the end result may well be interpreted by others as describing some expression denoted by lofted labeling, but was not at all the initial intent of the creator(s). Likewise, Crop Circle designs may be nothing more than "doodling for fun" while someone is listening to a boring lecture. No less, elsewise described, Crop Circles may be the skipping of stones across a lake, or finger painting, different types of stirring a pot of stew, or rotate one's foot while waiting for an interview, or rolling one's eyes at a disbelievable comment, or rolling one's tongue around the inside of one's mouth against one's teeth, or urinating in a urinal in a circular fashion, or playing a child's game of twirling about to intentionally make oneself dizzy, or dialing a number on a rotary phone, or knocking a tether ball around a pole, etc., etc., etc... In other words, all our interpretations could be so far off the mark as to be ludicrous... then again, maybe there is at least one person who is right.

The use of pictographs may mean that the "Crop Circle Makers" mis-interpret humans to be in the primitive evolutionary developmental stage of right-hemisphere dominance which requires the usage of pictures because more sophisticated forms of communication are thought to be beyond our developmental grasp. Our languages and written symbols are too elementary for them to convey more sophisticated ideas because we haven't given any indication that we are willing to evolve into an advanced evolutionary stage by changing our ideological environment which would provide the necessary "womb" for this new genesis of a "hybrid" race.

It should be noted that "Crop" circles occur in "Crop" fields. Crops such as Maize, Wheat, Barley, Oats, Rice and other cereals which are humanity's most important food crops and are known as Monocotyledonea plants, which have 3 chromosome pairs.

Three-chromosome plants have 3 parts or multiples of 3 sepals, petals, stamens.

Early Crop Circle?Some say that crop circle formations are a recent (modern day) phenomena while others say that there are indications of crop circle maker visitations inscribed on rocks, pottery, cave walls/ceilings, and may have even been inscribed on the skin in the form of various tattoos by ancient peoples. Some even argue that if the crop circle makers were present during the age of Australopithecine, primitive hominids may have imitated the crop, snow, rock, etc., "circle" formations with a stick or finger in sand, dirt, or mud, all of which quickly vanished with time. Others claim that pictures found in old medieval manuscripts such as is shown here, indicate someone investigating a crop circle within the constraints of their abilities to do so and the culture in which they live during a given time period.

However, there are some who would look at the above image and say that it merely shows the way this person worked in their field (or the field of a landowner), much-like the different patterns seen on modern day lawns after it is cut. While some people will mow a lawn in a linear fashion, others may choose circular (or triangular variations, as well as combinations thereof when intentionally trying to be creatively different as I did when I was mowing lawns as a teenager).

Image: An illustration of an Early Crop Circle?

--- Crop Circles ---

Some people might even want to consider that the petroglyphs found in Peru (and elsewhere), are variations of the same phenomena which create the crop circle formations of today:

Monkey Spaceman? Y-shaped runway?

--- Nazca Geoglyphs- Peru ---

Other observers have remarked that the modern-era crop circle formations have become progressively more complex, which suggests to some that the crop circle makers are like one or more individuals with some artistic talent that have been forced, assigned, or taken it upon themselves to find time to practice their craft. With respect to being forced by social pressures, it is like someone with artistic talent who is placed into prison which restrains various forms of behavior that would otherwise lead them to commit criminal acts if permitted a free rein of expression. The period of incarceration acts like a form of pruning shears to curtail the "expression" of one form of (criminal) behavior from growing, whereby a more desirable, less criminal behavior is permitted. However, such development of an artistic expression is only possible if the individual is rewarded in some way to pursue such an endeavor, such as with internal or external praise.

Interestingly, some Crop Circle adherents harbor a sense that their belief in Crop Circles affords them a special position with the Crop Circle maker(s). Like so many religious believers who feel that their particular observance provides them, analogously, with a type of get out of jail/stay out of hell free card. Each, in their own way feels that the "Crop Maker(s)" or God keeps a running tally of believers and non-believers according to personalized standards. Oh what self-centered arrogance! Each of them following the dictates of their own intellectually emotionalized presuppositions.

If the formation of crop circles are designed by one or more individuals who are pursuing the practice of an artistic expression and are not writing out some type of dictionary with symbols characteristic of a non-human mindset, we must consider that the infrequency with which such expressions take place in public view, if not merely to conceal a human (or non-human) identity, is so that humans will not bother them by looking over their shoulder. Humans may be nothing more than pesky flies, ants, and mosquitoes that are attracted to crop circle formations like insects attracted to some pheromone. It takes some artists quite awhile to get used to being watched while they are at work, yet many artists never get used to it and may even stop creating if people bug them about their work. This would be one good reason for one or more "private" artists to find different places (but similar mediums?) to practice "sketching," out different ideas.

Then again, a simple crop circle design would be all that was needed to attract some NEW AGE "cave" person intellectual concerned with all the bloodshed during their time and the dwindling resources, as well as the destruction of the environment (due to volcanoes, earthquakes, etc...) I say "attract", because different design complexity and style would necessarily draw the attention of a specific mindset... like the different techniques of predatory attraction (and stealth) used in nature by amphibians, insects and botanical varieties, to name but one such as the Venus fly trap. While some Crop Circle enthusiasts claim there is a form of cellular affecting "energy" related to the Crop Circles, perhaps the so-called energy is not supplying but taking from. This doesn't mean all those that go to a Crop Circle event are the intended "Prey", and the perceived energy a type of meant-to-be positive interaction; it may be a type of probe seeking a particular type of prey that may or may not have been attracted to a particular crop circle formation to the extent of being "entanbled" in its web. In spite of all the attempts at interpreting the "meaning" of the Crop Circles in a positive light, there might possibly be a hidden negative side that gullible enthusiasts dismiss as rubbish. Additionally, if you were a predator seeking a certian level/amount/type of energy, would you "spring the trap" when there was only one or a few prey, or wait tell there were numerous? And how many defines "numerous"? What kind? Adults, children, males or females?

However, just because we humans interpret some significance to crop circle formations doesn't mean the crop circle makers themselves do so in an equivalent manner. Whereas many individuals interpret the formations as having some great significance, and go to great pains to find commonalities of expression in music, mathematics, physics, religion, etc., as if in doing so they not only persuade themselves in believing there is some significance, but that such commonalities also help to persuade others whose interests lay in music, or mathematics, or physics, or religion, etc., to accept the commonalities as evidential proof that there is great significance, and yet the crop circle makers themselves may only be doodling or scribbling. To them, crop circle formations may have as much relevance to some enigmatic "truth" as do the lines created by someone mowing a lawn, washing and waxing a vehicle, or planting vegetables while pulling weeds in different ways on different days.

3 common references to the origin of the crop circle makers:

  1. From Earth or is the Earth itself (geophysical/cosmological processes).
  2. From an Extraterrestrial source (a specific entity or item thereof).
  3. From an Inter-dimensional source.

Looking at the Nazca geoglyphs which are viewed by some as being merely large size petroglyphs, it may be of some interest to divergent thinkers to examine them from a different metaphorical perspective. One museful approach is to say that the reason the forms are so large, is that the originator(s) wanted observers to see the "Big Picture." (Or appear to be "Large Than Life" like some movie star seen from the front row of a large motion picture theatre. To make oneself appear as an imposing figure is to more easily manipulate.) Take for example the image below which to most people is interpreted to be an insect in general and a spider in particular, though I have not encountered anyone identifying it as a specific type of spider to be found on Earth:

Nazca geoglyph spider

--- Nazca Lines ---

However, if we interpret the "Big Picture" in a macroscopic way, we might see the "spider" image as an artist's rendition of the Earth's geomagnetic lines (notice the Earth is in the "heart" [Thorax] position):

Solar wind and geomagnetic lines of Earth

--- ISTP Sun-Earth Connections Event ---

Geomagnetic lines of Earth

--- Mission to Geospace ---

Nazca geoglyph spider

Perhaps we have been looking at the "Big Picture" of the Nazca Lines with a small minded perspective. Maybe we need to consider that the images are microcosmic portrayals of macrocosmic events, whether or not the original artist(s) were cognizant of their efforts as being expressions of such. Or, like the peoples of ancient cultures that memorized constellations of stars/planets by using a type of dot-to-dot game from which arose pictures of familiarity to them in their respective cultures, the artist(s) of the Nazca lines made "Big Pictures" to emphasize looking at the images from a holistic appreciation of circumstances that are "larger than life," just as are the geomagnetic lines "bigger than conventional life," which is symbolically replicated in a small way by the "bigger than life" images seen on motion picture theatre screens, a thought mentioned earlier. (Note: those that did the actual work of making the lines may have been forced, "persuaded," or "encouraged" to do so and there was only one or a handful of people who actually had the image of such figures in their mind(s) that may have been created by drugs, poor nutrition, or some other means that distorted conventional perception to make the "artist(s)" more "receptive" to self-manipulation of their own interpretations of such perceptions brought about by varying states of physiological changes of an intermittent or prolonged duration of different intensities.)

Here are some other theories concerning the Nazca Lines:

G. von Breunig

He believed that the lines were part of Olympic games and that the running footraces created the lines.

E. von Daniken
Australian Writer

He believed that the lines were runways for alien spacecrafts. The faces of aliens were represented by the masks found on Nazca pottery.

Maria Reiche
German Astronomer

She spent over 50 years studying the Nazca Lines. She believed the lines predicted positions of the sun, moon, planets and stars. It was an astronomical calendar that helped the Nazca people determine the best times to plant and harvest crops. The lines also showed their knowledge of geometry.

Paul Kosok
American Geographer

He believed it was the largest astronomy book in the world. The sun shone directly down the path of one of the lines on the winter solstice. Other lines were points on the horizon were astronomical objects set and rose on important days.

William H. Isbell

He believed they were created by work gangs organized by the Nazca society and that they were used for ceremonial and religious activities.

Johan Reinhard

He believed they were sacred pathways, connected to their water source and to the mountain gods they worshipped. The forms represented the features taken on by the mountain gods. He explained that the figures were large so that the gods could see them.

Dr. Persis B. Clark
Geoglyph Expert

He believed that the lines led to aquaducts and underground wells. Most of the line centers were along river banks, tributaries and bases of mountains- where the water drains off. The walking of the lines became a ritual and were therefore considered sacred.

--- Nazca Lines Theories ---

Here's a link to a view on Ley Lines:

--- Paul Devereux, Leys/Ley Lines ---

--- Going Round in Circles ---
By Dr. David Whitehouse

The Astonishing Truth Behind Tree Circles

4-15-04– Dearest Comrades:

Though spring takes its first tentative steps across my humble patch of tundra my body feels none of its warmth, my mind in no way revels with thoughts of nature’s rebirth, and my very soul lies locked in a dark and fearful fury. As I compose this season’s opening update my fingers fairly tremble atop the keyboard, so astonishing, so incredible, so horrific is my news.

Was it just five months ago, while this website slipped with my garden into blessed, albeit frozen, slumber, that I was contacted by Dr. Hertzberg? It seems like five years instead have passed since that gray November day. How he found me, why he chose me, I know not. All I know is that my life has been forever changed.

Was Dr. Hertzberg indeed head of a secret government agency, I first asked myself? I have always scoffed at the notion that such clandestine organizations exist, especially under the auspices of the US Department of Agriculture, as Dr. Hertzberg implied. Covert research on red plastic mulch around tomatoes, that was right up the Department of Ag’s alley, but night vision goggles trained on shovel-toting extra-terrestrials? One can sense the cause of my acute skepticism.

TCcc1 (16K)

Still, since childhood I’ve never turned down a free flight in a private jet, and my meeting with Dr. Hertzberg in Washington was brief and to the point. His “agency,” and its primary cause, the Crop Circle Project (CCP), had been secretly formed in 1977 as the brainchild of President Jimmy Carter. Their objective was to identify, once and for all, who (or what?) was creating the bizarre crop circles that had started popping up in farmer’s fields, from Kansas to Georgia, and from England to The Netherlands.

President Carter was particularly miffed about the several hundred bushels of peanuts laid to waste in his own Georgian fields, though he had initially scoffed at the notion that the three large, spiraling circles found on his property were created by alien life forms from distant galaxies. The president suspected they were merely the result of his brother Billy doing drunken donuts in his pickup during a blissful midnight blackout. But then more crop circles appeared, in the next county, over the same period in which Billy was doing a little cell time in Macon. Clearly something was afoot.

TC2 (22K)

Dr. Hertzberg had discovered my many published papers on the mystery of tree circles, those odd occurrences in residential yards where perfectly lovely, healthy trees are suddenly circled around the base by all manner of unnecessary, garish accouterments. Could these two eccentricities, crop circles and tree circles, somehow be related?

I was given a physical, an oath, an expense account, and a gun, and assigned to head the newly formed TCP, or Tree Circle Project, thus freeing up Dr. Hertzberg to devote all his energies to his continuing investigation of crop circles. I have spent the past five months in this formidable capacity; if I was a little late in answering your e-mails over the winter, I trust you understand.

Since November I’ve logged more miles on small, sputtering aircraft than John Kerry, crisscrossing America from Seattle to Miami, from Albuquerque to Portland, Maine. As new reports of tree circles would come in, off I’d go. The reports were always the same: homeowners across America waking and throwing open their blinds to discover that sometime in the night, their oak, or elm, beech or basswood, maple, birch, spruce, linden or magnolia, had been tightly circled around the base, by … what? Teenage pranksters from across the street, or terrestrial jesters from Jupiter?

This concept of illegal aliens doing landscaping is, of course, nothing new– hell, I’ve hired them. This, however, was different. We were after real aliens, marauding botanical space bums, ET with an on-line degree in bad horticulture. As my research progressed and the patterns emerged, I was left with only one possible conclusion: the heinous tree circles we witness in yards across America are unquestionably being created by beings from other planets.

You are the very first among the public to read this information and view the pictures that follow. In my report to President Bush I noted that these tree circle attacks lack any meaningful aggression on the part of the aliens. Fiendish though they appear, they are what we would refer to as whimsical pranks, performed at night when the occupants of the alien spacecrafts that continuously monitor our planet feel the need to get out and stretch their legs. They mean us no harm, and, superior intelligence or not, it is my strong belief that these creatures are probably unaware that fairly often the tree circles they leave behind do irreparable harm to the trees, by raising soil levels around their trunks. The aesthetic damage imposed, it goes without saying, is of even graver consequence.

To date I have identified no less than seven different alien life forms currently visiting our planet and engaging in the creation of tree circles. They are:

TC3 (25K)

The Homdepotians By far the most prevalent practitioners of these pranks. Homdepotian tree circles (HTCs) are identified by use of curving sections of reddish brown, tombstone-like material as edging, filled to the brim with 1 – 2” white rock. Though resembling colored concrete, exact composition of this edging material is unknown to us. What we do know is that they are of a particularly unstable nature, and prone to frost heave. Lab analysis further confirms that the white rock placed inside the ring is not indigenous to planet Earth, and is no doubt dumped into landscape supply yards by the Homdepotians under cover of darkness, for later use. HTCs are usually placed one to two per yard.

Typical Homdepotian tree circle, Hopkins, Minnesota

TC4 (15K)

The Anchorians Anchorian tree circles (ATCs) are always of uniformly small diameter, regardless of scale of yard or size of tree. ATCs are noted for their use of small, rough, concrete-like blocks of brittle matter that very often match perfectly the actual concrete retaining wall product used previously by the homeowner in some misguided attempt at foundation landscape design. I theorize that the Anchorian ships have on-board manufacturing capabilities that allow them to match the color and shape of the concrete products used previously by humans elsewhere in the yard.

Anchorian tree circle, Omaha, Nebraska

TC5 (14K)

The Clayzians Note the similarities, yet important differences, between Clayzian tree circles (CTCs) and ATCs. A discerning eye will note that the inert, dense, straight-edged material used to circle the tree is just a bit smaller and smoother than those used in ATCs– more brick-like than block-like. As with ATCs, it is obvious the Clayzians possess on-board manufacturing capability to perfectly match the size and color of their “brick” to the real bricks used in construction of the adjoining home, thus creating the illusion that the tree circle was purposely created by the homeowner or builder, using leftover brick! Most often found as doubles or triples.

A classic double Clayzian tree circle, Denver, Colorado
TC6 (23K)

The GlacialetiansTree circles installed by the Glacialetians (GTCs) are the least oppressive of all tree circles, for they are made with indigenous fieldstone beamed up from area construction sites, lake bottoms, and riverbanks. GTCs vary greatly in diameter; there is one in Adel, Iowa measuring nearly sixteen feet across.

Glacialetian tree circle, Mequon, Wisconsin

TC7 (4K)

The PolyvinchloridiansActivity by the Polyvinchloridians appears to be waning since the early 1980s, though I have personally performed carbon tests that date several New Jersey Polyvinchloridian tree circles (PVCTCs) to as far back as 1956. PVCTCs occur when Polyvinchloridian ground crews circle the tree with a semi-malleable, 4” wide, black edging material nearly identical in composition to plastics fabricated here on Earth. The circle is nearly always filled with indigenous, multi-colored, 1/2-1” river rock sucked from the bottom of Lake Superior, though on the East Coast the circle filling tends toward shredded bark, and on the West Coast, colored rubber mulch. Early discovery of PVCTCs was responsible for the inception of what we now call black plastic edging, used by homeowners to keep grass lawns from growing into garden beds... This, is a fresh Polyvinchloridian tree circle, probably installed as training exercise by alien children while the adults created larger PVCTCs in adjacent yards, Milaca, Minnesota.

TC8 (16K)

The Aureolians The only alien intruders to circle trees with plant forms, Aureolian tree circles (AUTCs) are nearly always comprised of a tight tutu of hosta dug up by Aureolians from elsewhere in the homeowner's yard. Aureolian tree circles tend to occur in yards where the homeowner has invested in far too many hosta to begin with, such that they are rarely missed. When in a particularly foul mood following a long journey through space, the Aureolians have been know to circle their victim’s trees with daylilies. Here is a prime example of an older Aureolian tree circle, Billings, Montana

TC9 (10K)

The Walmartians Though a matter of some debate, I am convinced that a newly discovered alien race, the Walmartians, have recently entered into the tree circle picture, not only pulling a prank on human homeowners but tweaking the noses of their longtime rivals, the Homdepotians. While at first glance this photo appears to be a marvelous example of a double HTC, you will note that instead of the trademark Homdepotian use of pricey, alien white rock (incredibly expensive, after adding the “trucking” charge for transport across 630,000,000 miles), Walmartian tree circles (WTCs) are filled with rather drab, inexpensive, indigenous gravel, scooped up via laser beam from the driveways and fire pits of Arkansas trailer parks. That just smacks of the Walmartians, who seem to live for the chance to do things cheaper than the Homdepotians.

Note the decidedly blue-collar, hillbilly-esque qualities of this double Walmartian (NOT Homdepotian) tree circle, Rogers, Arkansas.

As you can see, I’ve been busy. Now it’s your turn. I need your help. If you stuck beside me this far, please volunteer to take the following test. Below are eight random photos of tree circles from across America. Look closely at each while trying to name the alien life form responsible for their construction. You may at this time scroll upward to refresh your memory about each alien group, and the aesthetic qualities comprising their tree circles, but please, no reverting back to these descriptions once you have begun the test. Answers are at the bottom.

Tree Circle A (14K)
Tree Circle B (16K)
Tree Circle C (19K)
Tree Circle D (19K)
Tree Circle E (19K)
Tree Circle F (19K)
Tree Circle G (19K)
Tree Circle H (19K)


  • A – Anchorian
  • B – Homdepotian
  • C – Glacialetian
  • D – Polyvinchloridian
  • E – Walmartian
  • F – Homdepotian
  • G – Aureolian
  • H – Human; I inserted this one in an attempt to throw you off. This contraption was fashioned by a human homeowner; the aliens may be practical jokers, but they aren’t this mean.


    • 0 – 1 correct: Start paying attention, dammit. This is a matter of grave national concern. If new to the site, spend some time here; you’ll soon see I take my horticulture very seriously.

    • 2 – 4 correct: Not good enough. Start over at the top.

    • 5 – 7 correct: You show potential for this line of work; stick with it. You could soon be recognizing tree circles with moderate extra effort.

    • 8 correct: Your country needs you. I need you. Be on the lookout for tree circles in your area. If found, attempt identification, shoot a photo, then send it to me (jpeg) via this website. I’ll include it in my soon-to-be-completed Tree Circle Gallery. Include city and state. Try not to include homeowner’s address numbers in the photo. Homeowners who have been made victims of alien tree circles often fear future alien abduction, though the two activities are wholly unrelated.

    This concludes my report. I feel somewhat calmer now, knowing that I have shared my secret with the nation and the world. I just received a phone call from my esteemed associate, Dr. Hertzberg of the CCP. He will be holding a press conference later this afternoon, and wanted to share with me in advance his findings concerning the origins of crop circles. He has concluded without a shadow of a doubt that crop circles are created by college engineering students.


    Current column will be updated on May 2

    Your Questions, Comments or Additional information are welcomed:
    Contact Herb O. Buckland