Threesology Research Journal
Research into the "Threes" Phenomena
Home Excursion 2A

~ The Study of Threes ~

Note: Much of the information on this page can be found elsewhere on different pages at this site.

To start off this initial Threesology page more slowly than I did in my first attempt, let me provide some links to other web sites since the materials provided are excellent sources of information for the novice as well as serious researcher. But please understand that they are works-in-progress. It goes without saying that you should query the individual authors if you would like to contribute additional information related to their particular research focus... and it should be noted that the authors may not necessarily refer to themselves as a "Threesologist, Triadologist, Treblest, Treist, Triologist, etc.," since their professional venues are otherwise directed and may have developed a listing of "threes" merely as a curiosity shelved into some form of collector's box, cabinet or dresser drawer.

Professor L.B. Croft:

People in Threes Going Up in Smoke...
and Other Triplicities in Russian Literature and Culture

His article has brought much to the table of threes research considerations: For example, if it is true that the Russian peoples use more "threes" than other groups/cultures (at least in terms of what is being expressed in literature), are there identifiable influences which have created this circumstance such as diet, genetics, etc.? Do Russian infants babble in "chunks-of-three" more so than the infants of other cultures? Are Russian children exposed to "threes" (fairy tales, education standards, etc.) more than any other culture's children?

His thesis needs to be explored more comprehensively and deserves the necessary funding to accomplish these (and other literary-focused) analytical ends.

Professor Alan Dundez

The Number Three in The American Culture

Dr. Dundez' chapter designated "The Number Three in The American Culture", can be found in a copyrighted 1967-1968 book entitled "Every Man His Way." I have included the chapter in its entirety, in 3 pages listed as:

#3 in the American Culture A
#3 in the American Culture B
#3 in the American Culture C

For threes collectors, this book is a "must have" piece of written threes history. (There is also a great need for the funding of a Threes-related museum and library as well as experimentally based research to test hypothesis derived from the issues of "threes-related" questions that need to be answered and not remain in the realm of speculative philosophy.)

Michael Eck

Book of Threes

Michael Eck's collection efforts have quite possibly been the most enduring on the internet. The persistence and clarity of his work is cherished by all those who have a sustained interest in threes research, and we heart-fully acknowledge our indebtedness. The site address has recently changed and is now updated on this and the contents page. However, the uniquely coined word "Triclopedia" should be made as an historical reference to Mr. Eck.

Simon Kelsey

  Triplicity- The Phenomenon of Threeness in Life

Mr. Kelsey's efforts are an interesting exploration into the threes phenomena as elucidating the need for adopting a comprehensive and comprehensible program-in-development criteria, the many facets of which are in the making. His research efforts are welcomed and I acknowledge that a host of the "threes" examples found on this site have come by way of his direct assistance. Discussions about threes between Mr. Kelsey and myself might well be of interest to some readers. Amongst the other pages I am writing, I will attempt to put together a collection of our exchanged e-mails and place them on a web page. There is so much yet to do... one life time seems particularly inadequate.

Dr. McNulty

List of Threes in human anatomy

Dr. McNulty's list is highly prized breath of refreshed air amongst those threes researchers who appreciate his (and others) efforts in compiling a list that illuminates a consistency not typically influenced (for the most part) by cultural fads, hearsay, or historical misrepresentations. His list has an expressed date of 1994 as its inception thus describing a longevity that others will no doubt pass on to succeeding generations.

With respect to the "threes" in human anatomy (which includes the many geo-metrically noted "triangular" configurations), such a list must be compared with other species' as well as denoting whether or not there is a change in our human threes-based anatomy over time. For example, what we of today might medically describe as a mutation might well be the formative structure of a new type of "three" that future generations of humans will have and may take for granted as most of us now take the various "threes" in our body for granted. Dr. McNulty's list is not meant to be exhaustive with respect to human physiology. Readers must keep this in mind because there are lots of other "threes" to be found.

There are other examples which can be found on the Contents page:

Threesology Research Journal Contents

For all the presumed intelligence being espoused on different web pages, there is a lack of serious discussion about the "threes phenomena" because people do not know how to think about it outside some already-established-model of reference just like people in the distance past didn't know how to think about collections of fossils, rocks, insects, sea shells, and numerous other accumulations of information that eventually became a science. There has been no comprehensive "philosophy of threes", but there have been several perspectives which have contained lists-of-threes as a supportive gesture of an idea such as Christianity because numerous threes can be found in the Bible.

But it should be no wonder that there is a lack of serious "threes" discussions. People do not know how to think about the recurring phenomena. It's like a civilization living near an active volcano and interpreting it to be a god, or living near an inactive one and simply ignoring it unless they can exploit it. The phenomena of threes is a subtle occurrence for many people. Even those of us interested in the topic will admit that there are so many in different varieties, that we too overlook them. Not for a lack of interest but because we are over-whelmed... particularly at the recognition that so very few people recognize the wide-spread prevailency. And even when people are made aware of the very many "threes" occurrences, they use some form of religious and superstitious tool of examination. Fortunately, there are a few who share the same interest in collecting different "threes" examples even if their accumulated reason(s) for doing so may be different.

Time Machine (4K)

The stark lack of serious "threes" discussions is a testament to a pervasive socially-imbued ignorance humanity experiences in different eras. It's like traveling in a Time Machine to the past and ending up in the Stone Ages or landing on another planet amongst bipedal primates who think themselves to be living in an advanced modern culture. Yet are unable to make heads or tails of my attempts to communicate by the usage of a simple one-to-one correspondence in order to establish a rudimentary basis of communication.

Such is the type of ignorance fashioned by a form of intelligence which works by way of varying exclusionary principles necessary for them to utilize varying forms of two-patterned based logic (male/female, night/day, yin/yang, ratiionalist/empiricist, good/evil, etc...); and they think themselves progressive by utilizing some attempted admixture to pretense a harmonization and then pronounce it as a totally new third entity!

I have no idea what school they went to, but one plus one does not equal three, unless I was asleep throughout elementary school and beyond. And if your fractionate the one and the other, such as taking half of something and half of another, the combined result may be a revised whole, such as putting half of an apple pie with half of a cherry pie; but a half plus a half does not equal three! It might well be called an apple-cherry or cherry-apple pie, but such labeling does not obscure the fact that there is no third pie. You still have four halves. Mixing the halves does not make a third or fourth pie or every mother would do this in order to stretch their food budget. Yet, this is the logic running rampant throughout different perspectives. This is not fuzzy logic nor fuzzy mathematics, this is an unrecognized dementia, which no doubt encourages the usage of a ludicrous Electoral system in American Presidential politics! Imagine being able to mix half a gallon of gasoline from one gas station with half from another and thinking you have produce three gallons of gas! The planet Earth is a nut house with psychotics in charge of the keys to the various padded cages!

It's no doubt you may at sometime or another encounter those whom are very good at discussing their two-patterned logic perspective which may be supplied with awards and funding by those who agree with their expressed knowledge because it is how they also perceive the world. They nonetheless are like a caged animal having established a territorial claim within a cage that they can peer out from; but prefer that you join them within their respective cages so that you can be convinced, with their caged logic, that they are its master.

Biographical Institutionalism (12K)

And like an institutionalized slave or convict having been brought up with a similar tunnel-visioned perspective their entire life, to take them out of their caged element is tantamount to a death sentence; so they will use any and all means at their disposal to convince you, to intimidate you, to manipulate you, by way of some privation or reward, that they are right so that you will be a participant in their life's journey. But, once you are made aware of the threes phenomena, you cannot help but witness there still remains a distinct absence of a "threes" acknowledgment and application in their two-patterned inside/outside perspective. And if you bring up the topic and show them the very many examples of threes in different subject areas; in one way or another they are dismissive of the phenomena and place it into a dark corner of irrelevance for everyone to avoid because their designed territoriality of perceptions do not permit any extended excursion into this principality of consideration. The "Threes" idea is forbidden by way of a practiced exercise in defining it in terms of an association with a medievalistic orientation and comprehension related largely to ancient alchemy, religion and superstition.

As a Threesologist, I take note of other patterns, both enumerated and otherwise, all of which exhibit some level of occurrence like a fever:

  1. Continuous (frequently occurring)
  2. Intermittent (may or may not be dependent on time, place and design)
  3. Remittent (sporadic)

One of these alternate patterns are dualisms which can either be contentious (oppositional) or complementary, that may alternatively be described as dichotomies or patterns-of-two. Such a pattern persists in various forms. The following are but a few examples to which I will add but one: Nature - Nurture. The list comes from:


  • Conscious mentalism - Unconscious mentalism: Emphasis on awareness of mental structure or activity vs. unawareness; coincides with rationalism - irrationalism dichotomy.
  • Behaviorism - Mentalism: Proper study of psychological focuses on objective content or on subjective content.
  • Determinism - Indeterminism - Nondeterminism: Human events completely determined by antecedents and explicable vs. determined but incompletely explicable vs. not determined.
  • Empiricism - Rationalism: Major, if not exclusive source of knowledge is experience vs. reason.
  • Functionalism - Structuralism: Psychology should describe adaptive activities vs. elemental classes and contents.
  • Mechanism - Vitalism: Activities of living beings completely explicable by physiochemical constituents vs. not so explicable.
  • Molecularism - Molarism
  • Monism - Dualism: Fundamental principle or entity in universe is of one kind vs. two kinds, mind and matter.
  • Nativism - Empiricism: Thought and behavior emerges from innate structures vs. emerges from experiences.
  • Subjectivism - Objectivism: Introspective accounts of experience do, or do not, constitute valid data.
  • Universalism - Relativism: Is the world an objective entity, the same for everyone, or is it relative to the perceiver?

The foregoing is a marvelous list but there are other examples in the outline. The outline even provides some patterns-of-three examples and may well introduce you to the "Third Force" topic. However, it doesn't provide a reference to the Monism (one) - Dualism (two) - Pluralism (three) pattern of overall thinking, which is succinctly described as the one - two - many pattern. And in particular, it does not provide you with a similar list of trichotomies... since "threes" are very much a part of our historical thinking. The students taking the professor's class are being deprived of a very real thinking pattern, particularly when it is quite pervasive and documented by cultural anthropologists. The students should be up in arms and protest against such a discrepancy in their education. It's time for a Revolution!

Philosopher (4K)

The once mighty sages of ancient Greek philosophy, while good at their vocation, did not know what to make of fossils... at least we have no largely established record that they made any detailed sense of the fossils they encountered. Such is the case with present day philosophers and the very many "threes" related materials, of which the following links provide examples thereof. Like wet nurses of now distant times and places, we "threes" researchers have frequently resorted to spoon feeding small portions of the Threes knowledge to those, in a moment of (shriek!) open-mindedness, have looked outward through the spaces between their fingers covering their eyes by the established so-called comprehensive logic they have come to use as a tool of reasoning... so long as it is used within a given area of exploration.

Some may view my collection as a type of kitchen drawer tool box and general hardware supply repository simply referred to as "stuff". Reflectively, I view my collection as a box of toys that may contain rocks, sticks, grass, insects and the like as an add-on accouterment or appurtenance for a given period of intellectual play time. And like so many kids such as Da Vinci, Edison, and others; when I tire of one toy I go play with another one... Hence, some may refer to my type of collectivity as being that of a generalist, esoteric, or even mad-man. ...And when I get tired of the many "threes" toys I've collected, at least those I may be currently working on, I go in search of another. I even mix and match and create new mediums in which to place the toys in order to acquire a different perspective.

But all you would-be Pandoras should be fore-warned: If you think the collection is a hodge-podge of this and that without rhyme or reason, you better steer clear of my save-for-a-rainy-day (inclement weather) attic and basement collections. Within the varied assortments lay examples that will be considered antiques by some browsers, while other rummagers will think this or that example as the oddity of an eccentric hoarder that had seen something that is all but obvious to an inexperienced eye.

Still others will be ever vigilant for clues to as yet unrevealed treasures that they believe I have hidden away like many a person experiencing dementia in their later years (they feel they must hide their treasures because they think someone is stealing from them when they can not find something due to having forgotten where they placed it). I recall one such rummager using the word "quirky" (on their web page) to describe my television/movie listings of threes.

It should also be noted, for those detractors of the "Threes Phenomena Research" efforts, that the "research" is presently foremost limited to gathering information in terms of extensive examples from a variety of subject areas. However, a few of us have begun presenting ideas that do not typically have a schematically drawn-out experimental procedure for an in-the-laboratory defined level of measurement... although ideas may well use information culled from sources where testability of particular threes examples did occur. We find this same type of "chalkboard research", mental experiment, or sidewalk/porch swing philosophy taking place in various areas that develop their own theories, such as anthropology, archeology, chemistry, economics, political science, etc., and only a few develop into an actual means of testability (though ideas fostered in chemistry are frequently put to the test in a laboratory.) A lot of ideas related to Threes Research remains in the theoretical realm of supposition.

However, it should be noted that while we can find myriad examples of threes occurring in different places under different guises throughout history... along with varying applications, present interest in the "three" is more concentrated and does not limit itself to defining the phenomena as being representative of a singular idea consistent with those views which claim the "three" represents some theological perspective such as the Trinity.

With respect to concentration in a particular religious context, for example, while we can find various "threes examples" scattered about in different sections of the Old Testament, the "threes phenomena" is more concentrated in the New Testament. Whether you claim such an event is the result of a conscious or unconscious act influenced by (one or more) gods or indicates a development change in human cognition due to social/environmental/genetic pressures, is beside the point for a generalized merit of discussion. The fact remains is that the concentration has and is continuing to occur.

Indeed, whereas past efforts at collecting "threes" generally took place by those interested in making comparisons with some trinity-based religious perspective, the collections of threes have grown immensely; as well as discussions about such, when collectors and philosophers were not attempting to correlate the very many threes examples with some religious disposition. Religious ideas very often enslave the mind because they do not permit the individual to consider that which may at first seem to be anti-thetical to their belief. Letting go of one's religious constraints does not mean becoming immoral or having to disbelieve in a god. Religions try to own morality and god. All of these three are separate issues that religious authority has forced into a singularity that they want to control. Religious authority are enslavers who want you to pay tithing so that they will have an income in order to be able to pursue their (religious) philosophy without having to work... yet members of the congregation must work (or else be retired) as well as pay taxes. It is a very great hypocrisy.


Here is a short list of "threes" in various three-patterned alignments:

  • Seconds, Minutes, Hours (commas are used in this lineup but hyphens or some other form of separator may be installed)
  • Up - Down - In between (hyphens are used)
  • First base, Second base, Third base (we typically use the word "home" and not "fourth" base. The usage of "Home base or plate" instead of a numerical designation, highlights an overlooked 3 -"to"- 1 ratio. The "Home base or plate" can be viewed as an "odd" man out, where "odd" is not meant to convey an odd, instead of even number.) And please note I put parenthesis around the word "to" in order to hint of its relationship to the number "2", thereby rendering the sequence of 3 - 2 - 1.
  • Eeeny - Meeny - Miney (Moe) (the first three rhyme, while the next "Moe" doesn't. However, Moe rhymes with Toe and Go in this child's counting sequence):

    Eeeny - Meeny - Miney (Moe)
    Catch a Nigger by the (Toe),
    If he hollars let him (Go),
    My mother told me to pick the very best one...

And for those wondering, in my neighborhood, when the black kids played with us, the word "nigger" would be alternatively changed with the word "whitey". In our youthful minds, the words "nigger" and "whitey" had nothing whatsoever to do with prejudice. They were just words... just simple utterances that had no relation to emotion nor thought embellished with disparagement. All the kids played together and had fun. It was only when some older kids wanted to play that the words took on some derisive quality meant to bully, intimidate, categorize, etc...

While "Wynken and Blyken" rhyme, "Nod" doesn't. This may refer to an early number concept formation where "two" was a cognitive limit prior to the development of a third quantitative value. See: --- One Two Many ---

  • Line in a square, Square in a square, X in a square (upper right hand of computer screens).
  • Two bits (1 quarter), Four bits (2 quarters), Six bits (3 quarters) [there is no "dollar bits" notation in this cheer-leading expression.]
  • Hip, Hip, Hooray!
  • Cinderella, Drisella, Anastasia (Cinderella fairy tale.)
  • 3 kittens who lost their mittens, 3 magic beans of Jack and the Beanstalk, 3 attempts to name Rumplestiltskin, Old King Cole and his fiddler's three, etc...
  • Tic - Tac - Toe (3 in a row)
  • Horizontal, Diagonal, Vertical (3 moves in checkers and chess.)
  • Kings, Queens, Jacks (3 face cards).
  • Id, Ego, Superego (Freudian psychology divisions sometimes used in the form of Child, Parent, Adult).
  • Executive, Legislative, Judicial (U.S. Federal government branches. In a Cenocratic government, the legislature would contain the Senate, House of Representatives, and the Peoples Legislative Branch).
  • There are other historical triangles than just the Bermuda Triangle.
  • Nouns are frequently called Persons, Places and Things.
  • Small - Medium - Large clothing sizes used in America.
  • X large, XX large, XXX large (U.S. Clothing sizes which indicate a repeat of a 1, 2, 3 segmenting fashion instead of developing a separate 'fourth' category.)
  • Knife - Fork- Spoon (Three basic eating utensils.)
  • Bowl, Cup (glass), Plate (Three basic containers used when dining.)
  • Sausage, Ham, Bacon (Three basic alternative breakfast meats.)
  • Pancakes, Waffles, French toast (Three common alternative breakfast meals or supplements.)
  • A "Combo" (combonation) Meal in a fast-food restaurant typically consists of three items such as, for example, a Hamburger (sandwich) - Frenchfries (secondary food accompaniment) - Soft drink (beverage)
  • Most people (I can only assume), flush the toilet once. A few flush it twice. and a small number flush three times: Once before, Once during, Once afterwards.
  • Some men urinate by holding their penis with two hands. Others use one hand. And some use no hands.
  • Me, Myself and I

  • Thee, Thine, Thy (adding "Thou" makes it a 3 to 1 ratio. However, Thee - Thine - Thou all use vowels in the third letter placement. The "Thy" would thus be the 'odd man out' [in most vowel circumstances] with respect to a 3 to 1 ratio. One might also say it is the only representative with three letters.

  • Red, Yellow, Green street lights.
  • Most(?) people hold a pen or pencil with three fingers.
  • Human (female) pregnancy is divided into three trimesters.
  • The A - B - O is a widely used blood typing system.
  • DNA and RNA have triplet codon (coding) systems.

  • Proteins have Primary - Secondary - Tertiary structures with the Quaternary as a composite matrix (of these three). It also describes another 3 to 1 ratio.

  • Unicycles, Bicycles, Tricycles
  • The Third Eye is sometimes referred to as the Mind's Eye.
  • We also have references to a "Third Ear".
  • A person's mouth is sometimes referred to as a third hand.
  • A cane is sometimes referred to as a third leg.
  • Etc.

I used the word "alignments" to denote different ways in which a "three" reference can be displayed. Commas may be used, hyphens, spaces, long sentences, paragraphs, or even symbols such as the triangle or the "Line - Circle - Triangle" as a triadic formula. Numbers could be used with or without letters or some other personal doodle which include the conventions of brackets, parenthesis, etc. Groups of three may occur as well as single item references such as the Earth being the third planet from the Sun.

All the varieties ("species") of "three" will need to be categorized, with various examples no doubt overlapping boundaries just as some animal species such as birds spending both time in the air and on the ground, while other animals burrow under the ground and spend time on it. Other life forms spend time both in the water and on land. You will no doubt find examples of "threes" that are likewise multi-functional... being very much a product of adaptability and change. You will find some examples that are quite old and some that are just being born. Some will endure while others are short-lived. Some may give evidence of a past development while others suggest a long development. Others may be recognized as occurring intermittently.

For example, it is surmised that the reason for a multiplicity of life forms is to provide a greater viability (as well as expressiveness) for DNA and it is not any single life form, such as we humans, that is of prime importance. In other words, we humans, just like all life forms, are little more than different types of vehicles; different forms of trial and error to ensure the viability of DNA, and/or RNA and/or Proteins. This too, in a manner of speaking, is a characteristic of the Threes phenomena. It occurs in diverse subject areas under different guises. As far as we know, underlying all life forms is some three-based biological constituent.

For many people, the concept of "threes" is something quite new. Whereas they, after seeing a list of threes, may recognize many of the examples, but the usage of such a cataloguing method is somewhat out of the ordinary, if not strange to them. Indeed, a colleague of mine has made the comparison to "threes" research and UFOs:

There are many more people interested in UFOs than threes... in fact one could describe threes as being an "alien" concept to most people.

Humorously, this may mean that those of us interested in the "Threes Phenomena" have some sort of Alien connection, if not "Triune brain" Alien Agenda. HA!

It's not that many of these same (non-Alien) people wouldn't be interested in a "threes" perspective, they simply are not familiar with the idea. Most people have a routine diet in food, drink, entertainment, daily activity and intellectual focus, and do not even recognize how often a "three" pattern re-occurs. Yet even if they did take a moment to consider the prevailency of "threes" in their life, it is within the narrow scope of their individual life such a circumstance would be examined. Such a consideration would not typically venture into physiology, psychology, mathematics, comparative religion, sociology, biology, physics, etc... during an extended "moment" of exploration. And then to mention that we are on the third planet from a source of solar irradiation, would strike no additional cord of further consideration.

Such people might be said to be unable to "think outside the box", which is a colloquial expression referring to some presumed mental rigidity-labeled status quo, commonality, common sense, political correctness, normal, etc. Similarly, within the script of an old movie entitled "Chato's Land" starring Charles Bronson, one of the characters tells another that he has "a box on his head", with respect to a certain sensibility being expressed; though the context and content are well removed from a threes discussion. However the character, in my view, got what was coming to him but the script writers took much too long in meting out his just due. Far too many scenes in motion pictures are prolonged. I have to fast-forward most movies to get through scenes that are like trying to listen for the growing of grass on a nearby hill... in other words, far too many scenes are dragged out... perhaps because the writers and directors fall asleep from the boredom of their own presumed "artistic" production.

Reading a list of "threes" is quite different from hearing someone speak about them. And I am not talking about someone who attempts to use various examples of threes as a tool to persuade you to purchase a product with cash, property or other-wise. There are many dubious uses of patterns-of-three aligned as a gimmick for commercialization of a product. However, though someone may use a pattern-of-three in a company logo, advertisement, etc., they may not actually be aware of how wide-spread "threes" really are, and only use such a pattern because it has become a standard model incorporated in the bag of tricks used by advertising companies.

If you ever get a chance to listen to someone not only talk about patterns-of-three without reverting to a singular scenario as their primary objective (such as discussing one philosopher's particular perspective), but also invite you to participate in a discussion (or simply just listen in), take the time to do so. To the open-minded person, it is an eye opener that may well stir additional moments of reverberating after-thoughts. But don't be surprised if a "threes" researcher deliberately disagrees with your view. Even though they may personally agree with you, they may play the devil's advocate to try to evoke more considerations.

In establishing a philosophy of "threes," a framework for cataloguing various patterns-of-three or at the very least, some interpretation of "threeness" must be adopted. Typically, and I admit that I am one of those who have engaged in such a compilation, what we find is an encyclopedic array of three-patterned examples from a variety of subject areas. I am not at all attempting to be dismissive about such an activity. It is important since it can provide examples that might not otherwise be seen by those engaged in perspectives centralized towards a singular focus.

I owe a debt of gratitude to all those who came before me and are living today (as well as those who have passed from this world); that have engaged their personalized efforts in such an enterprise. Without their work my own would be countless miles behind where I am today... like a sailor on a raft amidst an ocean beneath a starless sky. Yet it must be said that present "threes" research efforts exercise what may be referred to as a hunter-gatherer approach in an attempt to satiate a gnawing hunger that could be described as an insatiable sweet-tooth.

If we continue with an anthropological narrative in attempting to make a description of threes research efforts and at the same time allocate a proposal that there will be successive developments, then the next stage might well be a pastoral or agricultural/farming one, unless we opt for some type of "punctuated" (unexpected/mutated) event. However, it may not be too advantageous to make a point by point correlation since our efforts at hunting and gathering "threes" via the internet or excursions to a library might well be interpreted to be more sedentary activities than someone actively searching for game in a forest, jungle, or meadow. Nonetheless, a correlative distinction should be made with respect to an accumulation of "food" that we taste and quickly spit out, chew on for a while but then set aside, or ravenously devour as a delicacy.

Though some may venture to consider that human consciousness arose by way of more and more sensory data being stored and overlayed into patterns that predisposed the human brain's functioning to forge a type of structure we might want to describe as a conceptual framework; we can not be certain that a mere compounded collection of "threes" from a variety of subject areas or perceptions would do the same on its own merits instead of being lumped into an already put-to-use type of kitchen "junk/stuff" drawer. In other words, instead of the development of a new intellectual framework for understanding the overall threes phenomena, inasmuch as perhaps redesigning old architectural drafts used traditionally; more and more threes examples would simply be lumped into being explained by an old perspective related to religion, standard philosophy, or currently used scientific paradigms.

Before entertaining a three-patterned philosophy of mind, like so many philosophers have done... whether or not they were/are aware of such a usage, I think it is necessary to establish a framework which examines a more fundamental approach to the conceptual development of mental activity via the development of biology, since basic biology precedes intellectual activity... unless one cares to suggest some of who (or what) we are as an individual is the result of reincarnated or spiritual predispositions predating one's biology. But I will leave such a consideration up to the individual reader's own flavor of metaphysics.

Page initially created: March 10, 2013 AM
Last Update (as a single page) posted: April 15, 2014 Split into two pages on: April 23, 2014
Most recent posting: Friday, 18th May 2018... 9:40 AM

Your Questions, Comments or Additional Information are welcomed:
Herb O. Buckland