Threesology Research Journal
Are Humans Rotation-Rate Specific?
Page 2

(The Study of Threes)

Rotation Rate: page 1 Rotation Rate: page 2 Rotation Rate: page 3 Rotation Rate: page 4 Rotation Rate: page 5 Rotation Rate: page 6

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Hypothetical visual:

Decreasing rotation rate
earth 8 hr rotation (16K) earth 16 hr. rotation (16K) earth 21 hr. rotation (16K) Can Humanity survive in the future or will the Earth revolve too slowly, requiring a New Type Of Human to Evolve?

earth 1 day rotation (16K)

Is a new species being evolved as we speak due to a change in the rotation rate of the Earth, the moon moving away, and the Sun continuing on a course of burning out and expanding?
Approx. time period:
3 - 5 Billions of years ago 500 million years ago 40,000 years ago to present
Approx. daily rotation rate:
Daily Rotation Rate:
2 (?) - 8 hrs (?)
Daily Rotation Rate:
20 (?)- 22.3 hours
Daily Rotation Rate:
23+ hours
Currently:23 hrs 56 min 4.09 sec
Significant Biological Event:
Development of
Primordial Soup elements
Cambrian explosion
of life forms
Beginning of
Modern Humans

While the topic of humanity's existence being dependent on (specifically related to) the rotation rate of the Earth (which is slowing down and was much faster in the past) is the main reason for this particular web page and its three others, numerous other considerations come to mind as representative expressions of the influence that we may otherwise denote as historical events. If such added topics appear to digress from the main topic, the reader will have to give me some "poetic license" until such time as I am able to re-write the information in the expected format expressed by the title. Succinctly stated, the emergence of humanity as we know it in terms of our relationship to Cro-Magnon man and the bipedal predecessors which have died out, all occurred at given points of history when the Earth exhibited different... or marginally different rates of rotation that should nonetheless be part of an overall comparison of time period data relationships, one of which is the determination of rotation rate based on ancient corals. Trying to calculate the rate of rotation loss as we move forward in time and the rotation gain as we look back over previous events, is difficult to narrow down to exact specifics because of rotation rate fluctuations and our rather naive understanding of the dynamics involved (tidal influences, solar irradiation effects, lunar regression, flow of magma below the surface, continent shifting, plate tectonics, polar magnetics, etc...). Nonetheless, we can arrive as some approximations that can be used to make educated guesstimations.

At this point in time, our present thinking on how to measure the rate of rotation (as feeble as it may be perceived by some), is the best we can do as we make comparisons with the "tree rings" (so-to-speak) found on other life forms and geological processes which reveal a given date and exhibit some tell-tale growth-pattern (growth ring) due to external influences which provide some indication of what conditions were like at a given time in history. In any respect, the approximations beg the question of whether or not humans (as well as other living and non-living forms of existence) owe their existence to the rotation rate of the Earth (along with the position of the Moon and Solar conditions)... and whether or not there is a limitation... a window of rotation within which humanity can and can not exist. In other words, when we identify that humanity (our present form of humanity which includes Cro-Magnons) were born when the rotation rate of the Earth exhibited a 23+ hour rate, does this mean that it has been physiologically fashioned, and thus specifically equipped (biologically, emotionally and mentally) to live inside this window of rotation rate, but can not live outside this window or rotation rate... unless there is a specific alteration of the acquired specificities (habits, circadian rhythms, blood groups, social organization, religion, philosophy, mathematics, etc...)?

Is a change, is an adaptation, is an evolution taking place and this change is being perceived by different people in different ways and may alternatively be described as some forth-coming monumental event... such as the impressions being outlined by New Age proponents, sensitive souls, and those who are responding to the changes (but don't realize it and may in fact be misinterpreting the changes within themselves in a negative way) because they are not in the company of those able to provide a useful (socially stabilizing) interpretation... even if the interpretation is fanciful? And in such a consideration are we not to include questions about the viability of adaptability related to present business, political, and religious views that may in fact be barricades to the necessary formulas for the evolution of humanity to occur... which includes the emergence of a fruitful female psyche that will cast off the many disparaging impositions, shackles, imprisonments and beatings of the male psyche? The psyche of a few men in reigning institutions abiding to the dictates of documents established by small groups of men through the ages that not only bar the majority of women, but also countless men from realizing a full potential of themselves... as they should be permitted to evolve or live a life of unfulfillment... which must be unleashed from those burdens which keep the female psyche from emerging, from spreading its wings that have for too long been bound by an unnatural cacoon created by self-serving men in business, government and religions.

Have changes in the rotation rate of the Earth influenced biological development in a fashion which replicates such a stroboscopic inducing impression; thereby giving another "tweaking" of the definition to the phrase: That God (or an extra-terrestrial race) made man in his image, by describing How God (or aliens) did it? Is it a three-patterned image formula) somehow related to the changes in the Earth's rotation rate in relation to the "auxiliary consequential effects"?

I placed minus (-) and plus (+) signs respectively with the Night (N) and Day (D) alternations because the sequence reminded me of three alternative correlations [although by adding a neutral counterpart, we can also include the electron (-)... neutron (-/+)... proton (+) array]:

  1. Attraction/repelling forces of magnetism.
  2. Positive/Negative armature windings for an electric motor.
  3. Dualisms pervasive in intellectual pursuits in antiquity.

These "patterns" are related to the intensity and duration of illumination as well as darkness, which are key influences of biological processes. However, we cannot dismiss such things as planetary polarity reversals and gravity as having no influence. With respect to gravity, it is speculated that one of the influences in the evolutionary development of the heart is due to changes in gravity, with more gravity requiring a stronger heart, and a change in gravity thus affects the types of species inhabiting the land at that time.


A short night/day sequence
was due to
Earth's accelerated
rotation rate:
spinning earth  D


A more pronounced
night/day-sequence was due to
Earth's slowing rotation:
slow spinning Earth


3-patterned 'triangular' "Flashing"
of Dawn~ Noon~ Dusk
was due to further slowing:
noon day sun
rising Sun slower spinning Earth setting Sun

*Auxiliary consequential effects*: Such as changes in climate (weather), geological transformations, ozone alterations, Oxygen/Nitrogen/trace gases proportionalities, ocean salts concentrations, etc...

Using a very simple equation (because the reader does not need to possess an advanced mathematics degree... (but using a calculator helps):

1 year (today) X .0000001 (assumed rate of slowing rotation) = .0000001
.0000001 X 365.2422 (days per year) = .000000608737
.000000608737 ÷ by 60 minutes = 1.0145616...
1.0145616... ÷ 60 seconds = 0.01690936
23.9345 hours per our present day - 0.01690936 =
23.91759064 hours (The difference being due to the "rounding off" approximation used for the value in Magenta colored value.)

11,430 years ago X .0000001 = 0.001143
0.001143 X 365.2422 = 0.4174718346
0.4174718346 ÷ 60 minutes = 0.00695786391
0.00695786391 ÷ 60 seconds = 0.0001159643985
23.9345 hours - 0.0001159643985 = 23.9343...

1,810,000 X .0000002 = 0.362
0.362 X 365.2422 = 132.2176764
132.2176764 ÷ 60 = 2.20362794
2.20362794 ÷ 60 = 0.0367271323...
23.9345 hours - 0.0367271323 = 23.8977...

146,000,000 years ago X .0000001 = 14.6
14.6 X 365.2422 = 5332.53612
5332.53612 ÷ 60 = 88.875602
88.875602 ÷ 60 = 1.4812600333...
23.9345 hours - 1.4812600333 = 22.4532...

359,000,000 years ago X .0000001 = 35.9
35.9 X 365.2422 = 13112.19498
13112.19498 ÷ 60 = 218.536583
218.536583 ÷ 60 = 3.642276383...
23.9345 hours - 3.642276383 = 20.2922

3,800,000,000 years ago X .0000001 = 38
38 X 365.2422 = 13879.2036
13879.2036 ÷ 60 = 231.32006
231.32006 ÷ 60 3.8553343...
23.9345 hours - 3.8553343 = 20.0791

However, on page one of this section, a Belgian team of scientists calculated that the Earth is slowing at a rate of 11 microseconds per decade during this century which is eleven hundred thousandts of a second over the entire century. By using this value instead of .0000001, we have the following equation:

1,000,000,000 X .000011 = 11,000
11,000 X 365.2422 = 4,017,664.2
4,017,664.2 ÷ 60 = 66961.07
66,961.07 ÷ 60 = 1,116.01783...
23.9345 hours - 1,116.01783... = -1,092.08333!!!

WOWie!!!!!! The result is excessive and represents what might be called a time travel episode.

If we add another "0" to the .000011, we get the following equation for the same time period:

1,000,000,000 X .0000011 = 1,100
1,100 X 365.2422 = 401,766.42
401,766.42 ÷ 60 = 6,696.107
6,696.107 ÷ 60 = 111.601783...
23.9345 hours - 111.601783... = -87.667283!!!

Even this is excessive! So let's give it another whirl and add another zero:

1,000,000,000 X .00000011 = 110
110 X 365.2422 = 40,176.642
40,176.642 ÷ 60 = 669.6107
669.6107 ÷ 60 = 11.1601783...
23.9345 hours - 11.1601783 = 12.7743217 hours per day

(At just over half our present 24 hour rate, this means the Earth was spinning roughly 632 days to a year by using the following equation to check our work:)

632 - 365.2422 = 266.7578
266.7578 ÷ 23.9345 = 11.1453...
23.9345 - 11.1453 = 12.7892 (This {slightly "rounded out"} result is close to the above 12.774...)

What the different values arrived at indicate is that our mathematics "insinuates" a long-term averaging to "smooth out" fluctuations that are instigated by as yet not fully understood variables with respect to some of the processes already guessed at such as tidal forces. By trying to establish a mathematical uniformity in our attempts at identifying a certainty (like some definitively accurate Natural law consistent with a linear progression found in number {1,2,3...} or the alphabet {A, B, C...} serration), we end up with models that must be "fudged" into place; like an accountant's errant (low battery) calculator that makes a new job more difficult when a new accountant does not yet have a full grasp of the overall account's payables and receivables. Whereas when we try to fit a single mathematical equation to fit information derived from multiple sources which suggest the length of a day or year during a particular era, mathematical extrapolations can give us some very broad results. However, regardless of how you care to work the numbers, we still arrive at a changing rotation rate.

At our present stage of trying to get a firm grasp on the rotation rate game, our interpretations are much like trying to predict the weather, or some weather condition. Whereas a geologist, volcanologist, or meteorologist can get it right sometimes, they don't get it right all the time.

Years Ago Epoch Period/Age Era Eon Major Events Earth's rotation rate
Present day Holocene Quaternary Cenozoic Phanerozoic   23.93 hours
11,430 (The person in the "Man From Earth" movie is about 3,000 years older than this.) Pleistocene Evolution of fully modern humans.
Extinction of many large mammals.
23.934 hrs
1.81 million Pliocene Tertiary Neogene   23.8977
5.33 million Miocene 23.969 hrs\
341.28 days
23.0 million Oligocene Paleogene 23.866 hrs\
389.116 days
37.2 million Eocene Appearance of first "modern" mammals. 384.465 days
22.8 hrs
55.8 million Paleocene   22.6 hrs
65.5 million   Cretaceous Mesozoic Dinosaurs reach peak, become extinct.
Primitive placental mammals.
22.47 hrs\
342.770 days
146 million Jurassic Marsupial mammals, first birds, first flowering plants. 22.4532 hrs
200 million Triassic First dinosaurs, Egg-laying mammals. 19.87 hrs
251 million Permian Paleozoic Permian extinction event- 95% of life on Earth becomes extinct. 18.84 hrs
299 million Carboniferous Pennsylvanian Abundant insects, first reptiles, coal forests. 17.86 hrs
318 million Mississippian Large primitive trees 17.48 hrs
359 million Devonian First amphibians, clubmosses and horsetails appear, progymnosperms (first seed bearing plants) appear. 20.2922 hrs
416 million Silurian First land plant fossils.  
443 million Ordovician Invertebrates dominant.  
488 million Cambrian Major diversification of life in the Cambrian explosion.  
542 million Ediacaran Neoproterozoic Proterozoic First multi-celled animals.  
600 million Cryogenian Possible snowball Earth period.  
850 million Tonian    
1.0 billion Stennian Mesoproterozoic  
1.2 billion Ectasian  
1.4 billion Calymmian  
1.6 billion Statherian Paleoproterozoic First Complex single-celled life.  
1.8 billion Orosirian    
2.05 billion Rhyacian  
2.3 billion Siderian  
2.5 billion   Neoarchean Archaean  
2.8 billion Mesoarchean  
3.2 billion Paleoarchean  
3.6 billion Eoarchean Simple single-celled life. 7.333 hrs
3.8 billion   Hadean   20.0791 hrs
4.1 billion       Oldest known rock.  
4.4 billion       Oldest known mineral.  
4.57 billion       Formation of Earth. 2.842hours

Here's the above table again, in a slightly different format in order to provide a more clearer picture of enumerated comparisons:

Page Initially created: Monday, 25th March 2013, 9:31 AM
Newest Page Posting: Friday, 4th May 2018, 4:15 AM
Updated Posting: Tuesday, 18th May 2021... 8:17 AM
Your Questions, Comments or additional information are welcomed:
Herb O. Buckland